Dr Mohammed Ibrahim Shire is Lecturer in Security Risk Management at the Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth.
The Tigray People’s Liberation Front has executed a series of coercive steps to provoke a conflict at the local, national and regional level to force international powers to intervene.
As the two countries take their maritime border dispute over resource-rich waters to the International Court of Justice, Kenya is trying to force and out-of-court settlement.
Tribal elders are capable of bridging the trust deficit between the Somali government and Al Shabab - and they might be the only chance left for peace.
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