Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, TikTok, LinkedIn among others have not complied to appoint a local representative, as required by a new law.
Turkey's Information and Communication Technologies Authority (BTK) slapped multiple social media giants with fines totalling $3.8 million each, for their continued failure to hire local representatives.
As required by recent legislation, the fine was applied to platforms that are accessed over 1 million times per day in Turkey, including Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, Periscope, Linkedin, Dailymotion and TikTok, sources told Anadolu Agency on Friday.
A new social media law came into effect on October 1, 2020.
After the first 30-day period to appoint their local representatives, authorities had fined social media platforms around $1.2 million.
Meanwhile, Russian site VK has since appointed a representative and escaped the penalty.
After the second 30-day term, the penalty rose to $3.8 million.
If companies still do not comply with the requirement by 90 days, Turkish advertisers will be banned from their sites.
Three months after the advertising ban, authorities will be able to reduce the internet bandwidth of these platforms by 50% first and then 90% after another month of non-compliance.
If the social media giants appoint local representatives, 75% of the fine will be waived and their bandwidth restored.
As part of the law, social media firms are obliged to answer requests from Turkey in Turkish. They must respond to requests on personal and privacy rights within 48 hours.
The platforms are also required to publish semi-annual reports for showing request statistics on personal and privacy rights.
Social networks that do not remove illegal content within 24 hours despite a court verdict will be held responsible.
In addition, social media companies should take necessary measures to host Turkey-based users' data in Turkey.
These social media giants have local offices in many countries globally, but have long ignored the Turkish government's request to hire local representatives.
Facebook has 85 offices in 35 countries, while Twitter has 34 offices in 19 countries, YouTube eight offices in six countries, Instagram seven offices in five countries and TikTok has also offices in several countries.
Recently, some countries such as Russia, Germany, France and Australia have enacted regulations for social media platforms, and the UK is mulling similar measures.
France introduced a 3% digital services tax on digital companies' revenues.
In Germany, technology companies with over two million users must introduce procedures to process complaints about content and removing illegal content within 24 hours.
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