Debit cards issued by the Turkish Red Crescent have eased the plight of Syrian refugees and the organisation is hoping that its debit card system will be expanded not only in Turkey, but to other parts of the world.
More than 1.3 million refugees in Turkey are benefiting from debit cards issued by the Turkish Red Crescent as part of the UN-backed Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) program.
Speaking to Anadolu Agency in an exclusive interview, Turkish Red Crescent head Kerem Kinik said Kizilay, the name by which the Turkish Red Crescent is known in Turkey, had been working to respond to humanitarian crises and alleviate human suffering for seven years, since the beginning of the Syrian civil war.
"The ESSN, which is the largest humanitarian multi-purpose cash program globally, is one of the projects we have carried out for the refugees in Turkey in partnership with World Food Program (WFP)," Kinik said late Wednesday.
Launched in late 2016 as part of the ESSN humanitarian assistance program, the Kizilay Card is a special debit card for refugees registered by Turkey's regional migration office directorate.
Under the program, each refugee is given 120 Turkish liras ($28) a month, and they can withdraw money from the atomated teller machines of state lender Halkbank.
According to Kinik, more than 1.3 million people and 223,000 households to date have benefitted from the Kizilay card, but the organisation hopes to increase that figure.
"Our initial target was to reach 1.3 million and we've already achieved it, now the new targeted number of beneficiaries is 1.5 million," Kinik said.
Kinik stated that the program is currently set to run to the end of January 2019, but talks are underway in Brussels to extend it for two more years.
"This is a success story. We are working to systematise this success story and make it widespread across the world," Kinik said.
According to UN figures, Turkey currently hosts the highest number of refugees in the world with 3.9 million people, including 3.5 million Syrians.
Syria has been locked in a devastating civil war since early 2011 when the regime cracked down heavily on demonstrators.
While 230,000 refugees live in camps located in southeastern Turkey, the majority live in cities and towns across the country.
Muhannad Hadi, UN World Food Program regional director for the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia, and East Europe, told Anadolu Agency that the program is extremely proud of the ESSN.
Hadi also hailed the WFP’s partnership with the Turkish Red Crescent and the Turkish government.
"Thanks to this strong relationship and partnership, now we have a very successful project in Turkey. We've reached our goals, but we’re actually going beyond them," he said.
According to WFP figures, in March 2018 the ESSN assisted over 1 million vulnerable refugees around Turkey. So far, more than 2 million refugees have submitted applications to the ESSN.
Since 2012, the WFP has injected $720 million into the Turkish economy through cash-based transfers, including $130 million in the first quarter of this year, the UN body says.
Improved living conditions
Hadi said the project improved the living conditions of Syrian refugees in Turkey.
"They are no longer in debt as they were before. Their food consumption is improving a lot. The children are going to school. They are no longer in poverty as they were before. This is why we’re proud," he said.
Hadi said the WFP had learned a lot from the Turkish Red Crescent partnership. "And that's why we’re trying to take those lessons learned from Turkey and will try to apply them in other places, not only in the region but in places around the world."
According to Hadi, the WFP hopes to continue expanding the project.
"If we can, that will be after discussion again with our partners the Turkish Red Crescent, to see how we can explore and expand assisting the Syrian refugees.
"No matter what you give a refugee, it’s not enough. They want to go back home," said Hadi. "But until the refugees go back home, Turkey will support them, that is something to be appreciated."