Cairo is "putting a lot of effort" into ensuring the question of how to compensate countries that have experienced heavy economic loss due to climate catastrophes is prioritised in Sharm El Sheikh summit.

Egypt has appointed two ministers to come up with a plan for how to include
Egypt has appointed two ministers to come up with a plan for how to include "loss and damage" on COP27's formal agenda. (Reuters Archive)

Egypt, which is hosting the upcoming COP27 climate negotiations, is working on how to include compensation for economic losses due to climate catastrophes on the formal agenda of the November summit, as pressure grows from vulnerable countries to prioritise the issue, the country's special representative of the summit has said.

Wael Aboulmagd, Egypt's special representative of COP27, told reporters on Wednesday that the host country is "putting a lot of effort" into ensuring that the question of how to compensate countries that have experienced heavy economic loss due to climate catastrophes is prioritised at the forum, which will be held from November 6-18 in Sharm El Sheikh.

"We need to find a practical solution that accommodates the various concerns and it's up to us as the incoming presidency, to sort of navigating and finesse this process," Aboulmagd told reporters. "We are inching closer."

Including "loss and damage" on the agenda is a complicated task because lower-income and climate-vulnerable countries are seeking compensation for damages from climate-induced extreme weather events while industrialised nations are wary of creating a fund because of the liabilities they may face.

Aboulmagd said as the incoming COP president, Egypt needs to "navigate" the disparate positions and that it has appointed two ministers to come up with a plan for how to include "loss and damage" on COP27's formal agenda.

The two ministers are Germany's special envoy for international climate action, Jennifer Morgan, and Chile's environment minister, Maisa Rojas.

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Pushing for 'funding mechanism'

At last year's COP26 in Glasgow, the United States and the European Union rejected calls for a fund to compensate countries for climate-driven losses.

But as different countries grapple with extreme weather this year, pressure is growing for "loss and damage" to be prioritised at COP27.

At the UN General Assembly earlier this month, the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) –– countries among the most vulnerable to sea-level rise and other climate impacts –– called for concrete progress toward a funding mechanism.

After visiting Pakistan in the wake of devastating floods, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres urged governments to address loss and damage at COP27 "with the seriousness it deserves."

"At COP 27 we need to work together to show leadership and move forward on addressing this very important issue, particularly when it comes to finding a creative way ... to find financing for countries who are in extreme need to address the immediate losses and damages that wipe out a significant part of their annual GDP," Aboulmagd said.

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Source: Reuters