Human Rights Tribunal, whose landmark decisions on discrimination against First Nations children set stage for a historic agreement, throws the deal into limbo, saying the agreement does not fully satisfy its orders.
A human rights tribunal has rejected a historic US$30 billion agreement to reform Canada's discriminatory child welfare system and compensate Indigenous families who suffered because of it.
Tuesday's decision was referring to the deal that was announced late last year to settle a lawsuit that found the government had underfunded Indigenous children's services compared to those for non-Indigenous children. It was the largest proposed settlement in Canadian history.
Its rejection by the tribunal "is disappointing to many First Nations people," Indigenous Services Minister Patty Hajdu told reporters in Ottawa.
She noted the compensation plan had been "designed by First Nations people for First Nations people in a culturally specific way."
Half of the monies were to go to Indigenous children who were ripped from their families and put into state care, while the remainder was earmarked for reforming the child and family services system.
Indigenous leaders said the ruling would delay those reforms and compensation for more than 300,000 children and their families.
Didn't meet criteria
But Hajdu vowed to continue to work with them. "My commitment to those partners is that we'll be with them for the long haul to get to an agreement," she said.
The human rights tribunal, according to officials citing a summary of its decision, found that the agreement left some children out and did not meet the terms the tribunal had set to provide each child or caregiver $29, 403 in compensation — the maximum penalty under Canada's human rights act.
The government had lost a challenge to the tribunal's order last year before seeking a negotiated settlement to end the 14-year legal saga.
Despite making up less than eight percent of children under 14, Indigenous children account for more than half of those in Canada's foster care, according to a 2016 census.
All of this comes on the heels of discoveries of hundreds of unmarked graves at former Indigenous residential schools set up by the government to effectively strip students of their culture and language.
Pope Francis during a July visit to Canada apologised for abuses at the church-run schools.