Following weeks of national protests since the police killing of unarmed black man George Floyd, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order on policing that he said would encourage better police practices.
President Donald Trump, facing criticism that his policies and inflammatory rhetoric have aggravated a racial divide in the United States, signed an order on Tuesday that he said would reform police practices while maintaining "law and order."
“Reducing crime and raising standards are not opposite goals," he said before signing the order flanked by police.
LAW & ORDER!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 15, 2020
After weeks of protests against racism and policy brutality prompted by the death of George Floyd, a black man killed on May 25 in police custody in Minneapolis, Trump sought to offer a policy response to rising concerns about racial injustice going into the November 3 election, in which he is seeking a second term.
Trump, a Republican, opened his remarks by expressing sympathy to the families of victims of police violence, pledging to fight for justice and promising them their loved ones will not have died in vain. But he quickly pivoted to a call for a return to "law and order" and a threat of penalties to looters.
"Americans want law and order, they demand law and order," Trump said at a ceremony in the White House Rose Garden, reiterating a call that has angered protesters who have poured onto streets from New York to Los Angeles.
In his public comments and on Twitter, Trump has called for crackdowns on protesters and emphasised a forceful and militarised response to the social unrest sparked by the death of Floyd and others. Opinion polls show widespread concerns among Americans about police brutality.
What is executive order about?
Tuesday's order encourages police departments to employ the latest standards for use of force, improve information sharing so that officers with poor records are not hired without their backgrounds being known and add social workers to law enforcement responses to non-violent cases involving drug addiction and homelessness, officials said.
Trump's proposal would steer federal dollars to police departments that get independent certification by outside bodies and would ban chokeholds unless an officer's life was in danger. It also would encourage them to use less-lethal weapons such as stun guns.
Trump reiterated that he opposes calls to "defund the police" by reimagining or dismantling police departments. Leading Democrats, including presumptive presidential nominee Joe Biden, have not embraced such calls, but Republicans have jumped on the issue.
Many Democrats want to Defund and Abolish Police Departments. HOW CRAZY!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 15, 2020
Vote on sweeping legislation
The Democratic-led House of Representatives is expected to vote later this month on sweeping legislation put forward by the Congressional Black Caucus to rein in police misconduct.
Senate Republicans are expected to unveil their own legislation on Wednesday that concentrates more on data collection than on policy changes in areas involving lethal force. Trump urged Congress to act.
Democrats want to allow victims of misconduct and their families to sue police, an idea that Republicans oppose. Republicans, meanwhile, are pushing to reduce job protections for members of law enforcement unions.
Trump's decision to ban chokeholds appears similar to the ban included in the Democratic legislation, known as the Justice in Policing Act.
Up to now, Republican lawmakers have had a mixed response on the issue, with some saying they are willing to support a ban and others contending that such issues should be left to local jurisdictions.
Attorney General William Barr, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Senator Tim Scott, who is developing the Republican legislation, attended Tuesday's White House signing.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said it “falls sadly and seriously short of what is required to combat the epidemic of racial injustice and police brutality that is murdering hundreds of Black Americans.”
“During this moment of national anguish, we must insist on bold change, not meekly surrender to the bare minimum," she said.
One civil rights group said Trump's action did not go far enough.
BREAKING: Trump just signed his woefully inadequate EO on policing. Let’s be clear: This is an attempt to shift focus from the dangerous rhetoric and policies he has previously promoted.— Vanita Gupta (@vanitaguptaCR) June 16, 2020
It’s a piecemeal effort that won’t achieve the transformative change needed to heal America. pic.twitter.com/lak6u5ujHA
Be clear: Trump’s EO does not ban chokeholds. It packages up a few provisions of the hundreds in DOJ consent decrees and President Obama’s 21st C policing TF - things that Trump’s admin has abandoned. This is not the time for photo ops and piecemeal measures. https://t.co/MaVAEeqcfM— Vanita Gupta (@vanitaguptaCR) June 16, 2020
"While the order takes some steps forward, it is an inadequate response to a nation demanding sweeping, bold action," Vanita Gupta, head of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, said in a statement.
Why is it that when it comes to confirming right-wing judges, Senate Republicans always make the time. But when it comes to making real changes to police departments, Senate Republicans are already making excuses?— Chuck Schumer (@SenSchumer) June 16, 2020
We won't stop fighting for action on the #JusticeInPolicing Act!
'Band-Aid for a bullet wound'
Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer said in a statement: "This executive order will not deliver the comprehensive meaningful change and accountability in our nation’s police departments that Americans are demanding.”
Kristina Roth at Amnesty International USA said the order “amounts to a Band-Aid for a bullet wound” at a time when "this moment is calling for transformational change of policing.”
Florida Democratic Rep. Val Demings, a former Orlando police chief who is seen as a potential vice-presidential running mate for Democrat Biden, praised the executive order as “on the right track," but she criticised Trump for failing to acknowledge racism in acts of police brutality and failing to engage the Justice Department in police reforms.