US was swift to respond, with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urging North Korean leader Kim Jong-un to "take a different course" and stressing that the US wanted "peace not confrontation" with the North.
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has declared an end to moratoriums on nuclear and intercontinental ballistic missile tests and threatened a demonstration of a "new strategic weapon" soon.
Analysts said the declaration, reported by state media on Wednesday, amounted to Kim putting a missile "to Donald Trump's head" – but warned that escalation by Pyongyang would probably backfire.
Washington was swift to respond, with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urging Kim to "take a different course" and stressing that the US wanted "peace not confrontation" with the North.
The North has previously fired missiles capable of reaching the entire US mainland, and has carried out six nuclear tests, the last of them 16 times the size of the Hiroshima blast, according to the highest estimates.
A self-imposed ban on such tests – Kim declared they were no longer needed – has been a centrepiece of the nuclear diplomacy between Pyongyang and Washington over the past two years, which has seen three meetings between Kim and US President Donald Trump, but little tangible progress.
Any actual test is likely to infuriate Trump, who has repeatedly referred to Kim's "promise" to him not to carry them out, and has played down launches of shorter-range weapons.
'New strategic weapon'
Negotiations between the two sides have been largely deadlocked since the breakup of their Hanoi summit in February, and the North set the US an end-of-year deadline for it to offer fresh concessions on sanctions relief, or it would adopt a "new way".
"There is no ground for us to get unilaterally bound to the commitment any longer," the official KCNA news agency cited Kim as telling top ruling party officials.
"The world will witness a new strategic weapon to be possessed by the DPRK in the near future," he added, referring to the North by its official title.
The full meeting of the central committee of the ruling Workers' Party – an indication of a major policy shift – came ahead of Kim's expected annual New Year speech, a key moment in the North Korean political calendar.
But state television simply broadcast veteran newsreader Ri Chun Hee reading out the KCNA dispatch over footage of Kim addressing the meeting and occasionally gesticulating.
Kim acknowledged the impact of international sanctions imposed on Pyongyang over its weapons programmes, but made clear that the North was willing to pay the price to preserve its nuclear capability.
"The US is raising demands contrary to the fundamental interests of our state and is adopting brigandish attitude," KCNA cited him as saying.
Washington had "conducted tens of big and small joint military drills which its president personally promised to stop" and sent high-tech military equipment to the South, he said.
"We can never sell our dignity," he added, saying Pyongyang would "shift to a shocking actual action to make (the US) pay for the pains sustained by our people".
For months, Pyongyang has been demanding the easing of international sanctions imposed over its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes, while Washington has insisted it takes more tangible steps towards giving them up.
"North Korea has, in effect, put an ICBM to Donald Trump's head in order to gain the two concessions it wants most: sanctions relief and some sort of security guarantee," said Harry Kazianis of the Center for the National Interest in Washington.
"Kim Jong-un is playing a dangerous game of geopolitical chicken," he added.
"He is gambling that threatening another demonstration of his ability to hit the US homeland with a nuclear weapon will somehow push America into granting more concessions."
But the strategy was risky, he said, as Washington was likely to respond with "more sanctions, an increased military presence in East Asia and more fire and fury style threats coming from Donald Trump's Twitter account".
The US has already indicated that it will react if the North carries out a long-range missile test.
Speaking to Fox News and CBS after Kim's announcement, Secretary of State Pompeo said a resumption of nuclear and missile tests would be "deeply disappointing".
"We hope that Chairman Kim will take a different course ... . that he'll choose peace and prosperity over conflict and war," Pompeo said.
"We want peace, not confrontation," he added.
An ICBM launch would also likely frustrate China, the North's key diplomatic backer and provider of trade and aid, which always stresses stability in a region it regards as its own back yard.
But ties between Pyongyang and Beijing have warmed markedly in the past two years, with Chinese President Xi Jinping paying his first visit to the North as head of state in June.