Taliban representatives meet with opposition figures, rights activists, former president Hamid Karzai, in Russian capital, sidelining Afghan President Ashraf Ghani's government, which has criticised the gathering.
The Taliban demanded a new constitution for Afghanistan and promised an "inclusive Islamic system" to govern the war-torn country at a rare gathering with senior Afghan politicians in Russia on Tuesday that excluded the Kabul government.
"The Kabul government constitution is invalid. It has been imported from the West and is an obstacle to peace," Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai, who headed the Taliban delegation, told attendees at a central Moscow hotel.
"It is conflicted. We want an Islamic constitution," he said, adding that the new charter would be drafted by Islamic scholars.
Stanikzai also said that Afghanistan peace talks with the United States last month had been a success, the Interfax news agency reported.
The fighters' manifesto, outlined in Moscow before some of Afghanistan's most influential leaders, comes a week after the Taliban held unprecedented six-day talks with US negotiators in Doha about ending the 17-year war.
The Doha and Moscow discussions, though entirely separate, both excluded the government in Kabul, where President Ashraf Ghani is seen as increasingly sidelined from key negotiations for peace in his country.
The Moscow meeting – the Taliban's most significant with Afghan politicians in recent memory – saw the fighters praying together with sworn enemies including former president Hamid Karzai as they discussed their vision for the future.
#EXCLUSIVE We are expecting ‘a very good meeting & officially we’ll be talking later on’, @KarzaiH ex #Afhganistan leader walking shoulder to shoulder w/head of #Qatar-based #Taliban Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai.The latter agrees:‘Yes’— Maria Finoshina (@MFinoshina_RT) February 5, 2019
‘Inter-Afghan dialogue’, very important event pic.twitter.com/EWz7akuKoQ
No representatives from the Kabul government were invited to Moscow but some of Ghani's chief rivals – including Karzai as well as opponents in an election slated for July – were in attendance.
Ghani's allies in Washington insist Afghans should lead the peace process, and the months-long push by the US to engage the Taliban has ostensibly been aimed at convincing them to negotiate with the government in Kabul.
Those efforts culminated in six days of talks between the US and the Taliban in January where both sides touted "progress" – stoking Afghan fears that America could cut a deal to withdraw its troops before a lasting peace with Kabul is reached.
Ghani has repeatedly said that all Afghans should agree on the need to end hostilities and an eventual withdrawal of foreign forces, but that he would not "surrender to a temporary peace deal."
'Inclusive Islamic system'
The Taliban consider Ghani and his administration to be US puppets, and have refused offers of a truce.
Stanikzai said the Taliban, who ruled Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001, did not want a "monopoly of power" but "an inclusive Islamic system."
They also promised to stamp out Afghanistan's poppy cultivation and take steps to prevent civilian casualties in a conflict that has killed and wounded hundreds of thousands.
Two women attended the roundtable conference. The Taliban closed girls' schools and banned women from working under their regime, but have indicated they could loosen some guidelines in line with Sharia law.
First time Taliban layout their vision for women's role in a bit detail. Taliban chief negotiator says they respect all rights given to women by islam - including education, trade, work, inheritance, and choice of partner etc...— Mujib Mashal (@MujMash) February 5, 2019
Female delegates attend talks
Prominent female lawmaker and activist Fawzia Koofi said Afghan society had come a long way in recent decades and called on the Taliban to "adapt."
"If the Taliban would like to be a part of the Afghan society, they need to adapt. So therefore I hope that they listen to the people of Afghanistan," she said.
Koofi said she was one of two female delegates attending the talks and was keen for women's voices to be heard.
"We have come a very long way and we don't want to go back," she said.
Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said the conference was about "opening channels to reach an understanding with non-government Afghan political groups."
He said the movement wanted to explain its policies towards an "enduring peace in the homeland and establishment of an intra-Afghan Islamic system of governance."
Taliban representatives and prominent Afghan figures including former president Hamid Karzai meet in Moscow for talks, sidelining President Ghani's government, which has criticised the gathering pic.twitter.com/bxWu50qctv— TRT World Now (@TRTWorldNow) February 5, 2019
"I think all sides are ready for a compromise. It is a good start," said Muhammad Ghulam Jalal, the head of an Afghan diaspora group who hosted the meeting.
But images of Karzai and other powerful leaders attending prayer lead by a Taliban figure and dining with the militants evoked anger in Afghanistan.
"If you guys can eat together, laugh and pray together, hug each other why you are still killing innocent Afghans?" one Facebook user posted.
The Taliban are scheduled to hold another round of peace talks with the US in Doha on February 25.
The two-day meeting in the Russian capital is seen as another step in a process aimed at resolving Afghanistan's 17-year war, a process that has accelerated since the appointment last September of US peace envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad.
Khalilzad has been holding separate negotiations with the Taliban even as he presses for a dialogue that would bring together all key Afghan players.
Ghani's office said that Afghan politicians attending the gathering were doing so "in order to gain power."
Ghani's chief adviser, Fazel Fazly, tweeted that it was "regrettable."