Yields on benchmark 10-year Treasury notes dropped to their lowest since mid-2016 as the latest salvos in the China-US trade war shook confidence in the world economy and sent investors to the safe harbour of gold.
Asian shares sank on Monday as the latest salvos in the China-US trade war shook confidence in the world economy and sent investors steaming to the safe harbour of sovereign bonds and gold, while slugging emerging market currencies.
But equity markets later pared some losses, with E-Minis for the S&P 500 turning positive, after US President Donald Trump said China had contacted Washington overnight to say it wanted to return to the negotiating table.
Speaking on the sidelines of a summit of major industrialised nations in France, Trump hailed Chinese President Xi Jinping as a great leader and said he welcomed his desire for a trade deal and for calm.
Stock markets slide
Despite the positive lead for Wall Street, European stock markets still looked set to follow Asia's slide, with EUROSTOXX 50 futures down about 1 percent, German DAX futures slipping 0.9 percent and France's CAC 40 futures stumbling 0.7 percent.
Yields on benchmark 10-year Treasury debt dropped to their lowest since mid-2016, while gold hit its highest since April 2013 as risk was shunned.
On Friday, Trump announced an additional duty on some $550 billion of targeted Chinese goods, hours after China unveiled retaliatory tariffs on $75 billion worth of US goods.
"The most recent trade escalation increases the risk of recession on top of what is now a synchronised global slowdown," said Eleanor Creagh, markets strategist at Saxo Capital Markets.
"For investors, the hope of a trade deal is entirely misplaced at present," she added. "Precious metals and gold miners will continue to outperform as investors seek out safe havens to stave off volatility."
Yuan hits 11-year low
China's onshore yuan fell 0.7 percent at one point to a new 11-year low of 7.15 to the dollar, and hit a record low in offshore trade, before paring losses after Trump's latest comments.
MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan shed 1.9 percent, and Australia 1.3 percent.
Japan's Nikkei lost 2.2 percent, while Shanghai blue chips fell 1.2 percent.
"Downside risks are increasing for both the global economy and markets," said Mark Haefele, global chief investment officer at UBS.
"As a result, we are reducing risk in our portfolios by moving to an underweight in equities to lower our exposure to political uncertainty."
"We continue to favour carry strategies in credit and foreign exchange markets, which benefit from central bank easing in a low-growth environment."
Trump's new tariff measures were announced after US markets closed on Friday. But Wall Street had nose-dived earlier in the session after Trump said US companies should "immediately start looking for an alternative to China", in response to Beijing's latest retaliation.
Trump's tariff confusion
At the G7 meeting in France over the weekend, Trump caused some confusion by indicating he may have had second thoughts on the tariffs.
But the White House said on Sunday that Trump wished he had raised tariffs on Chinese goods even higher last week, even as he signalled he did not plan to follow through with a demand that US firms close operations in China.
The latest trade escalation overshadowed a pledge by Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powel l to "act as appropriate" to keep the US economy healthy, although he stopped short of committing to rapid-fire rate cuts.
The markets clearly believe the Fed will have to act more aggressively and are fully priced for at least a quarter-point cut in September and more than 120 basis points of easing by the end of 2020.
"Central banks can't fully ameliorate the downside of a global trade war," said JPMorgan analyst Adam Crisafulli. "Companies will enter lockdown mode in terms of spending, and eventually hiring, until at least the November 2020 election amid all the uncertainty."
Treasury yields down
Yields on 10-year Treasury notes were down at 1.443 percent, having dived from a top of 1.66% on Friday, leaving them just below two-year yields and inverting the curve.
"We continue to remain long 10's, targeting 1.3 percent due to a combination of weakness in the global economy and trade war uncertainty filtering through into a weaker US economy," said Priya Misra, head of global rates strategy at TD Securities.
"This will force the Fed to ease beyond a 'mid-cycle adjustment to policy'," she added. "We believe that the market is underpricing the risks of additional rate cuts in 2020."
Dollar takes hit, recovers
The drop in yields swept the legs out from under the dollar, though it rallied steadily through the session thanks in part to heavy buying against emerging market currencies.
After an early hit on the yen to 104.44, it recovered most of the lost ground to last stand at 105.2.
The next major chart point is a low around 104.10 briefly touched during the "flash-crash" of early January. Against a basket of currencies, it was broadly unchanged at 97.637 having bounced from 97.477.
The euro was firm at $1.1147, having climbed 0.6 percent on Friday, although restrained somewhat by speculation the European Central Bank will also have to ease aggressively next month.
The dollar made inroads on most emerging market currencies, with the Turkish lira briefly tumbling as far as 6.4700 per dollar at one stage.
The gold party
Spot gold got a boost from the slide in yields, rising 0.9 percent to $1,539.33 per ounce and touching its highest since April 2013.
"For gold, the party is just beginning, and we maintain a bullish outlook for gold, particularly AUD gold," Saxo's Creagh said.
Oil prices went the other way on worries the tariff dispute would crimp world demand.
Brent crude futures slid 52 cents, or 0.88 percent, to $58.82, while US crude lost 59 cents to $53.58 a barrel.
At a joint news conference with French President Emmanuel Macron, Trump declined to comment on whether he would waive oil sanctions to get Iran to the negotiating table.