European leaders offered Britain a six-month delay to its Brexit departure, officials said. Britain's PM Theresa May, who had sought a delay only until June 30, has agreed to the offer.
British Prime Minister Theresa May on Thursday agreed to an EU offer of a six-month delay to Brexit, EU Council President Donald Tusk said.
"EU27/UK have agreed a flexible extension until 31 October. This means additional six months for the UK to find the best possible solution," Tusk tweeted, at the end of a summit in Brussels.
EU27/UK have agreed a flexible extension until 31 October. This means additional six months for the UK to find the best possible solution.— Donald Tusk (@eucopresident) April 10, 2019
Tusk plead with the United Kingdom to use the special six-month Brexit extension it has been granted to the fullest of its ability.
After the agreement was announced, Tusk said, "Let me finish with the message to our British friends: Please do not waste this time."
TRT World's Simon McGregor-Wood reports.
And even though the decision also includes a June review of progress, Tusk said the new date will not amount to a cliff-edge cutoff of UK membership as March 29 had done for so long.
Tusk said that "our intention is to finalise the whole process in October."
May, on the other hand, said she wants to leave "as soon as possible."
She says that if UK lawmakers back her Brexit deal, her country can still leave before June 30 – the Brexit deadline that she had requested from the bloc.
May said Britain faces "stark" choices "and the timetable is clear."
To extend or to pile on pressure?
EU leaders spent a long dinner meeting wrangling over whether to save Britain from a precipitous and potentially calamitous Brexit, or to give the foot-dragging departing nation a shove over the edge.
May pleaded with them at an emergency summit to delay Britain's exit, due on Friday, until June 30 while the UK sorts out the mess that Brexit has become.
Some were sympathetic, but French President Emmanuel Macron struck a warning note.
"Nothing is decided," Macron said, insisting on "clarity" from May about what Britain wants.
"What's indispensable is that nothing should compromise the European project in the months to come," he said.
May believes that a June 30 deadline is enough time for Britain's Parliament to ratify a Brexit deal and pass the legislation needed for a smooth Brexit.
But British lawmakers have rejected her divorce deal three times, and attempts to forge a compromise with her political opponents have yet to bear fruit.
May spoke to the 27 EU leaders for just over an hour, before they met for dinner without her to decide Britain's fate. In contrast to some testy recent summits, there were signs of warmth and even humour. May and German Chancellor Angela Merkel were filmed laughing over a tablet bearing an image showing the two of them speaking to their respective Parliaments on Wednesday wearing similar blue jackets.
Many leaders said they were inclined to grant a Brexit delay, though Macron had reservations after hearing May speak. An official in the French president's office said the British leader hadn't offered "sufficient guarantees" to justify a long extension.
Macron is concerned that letting Britain stay too long would distract the EU from other issues – notably next month's European Parliament elections.
"The no-deal situation is a real option," said the official, who was not authorised to be publicly named according to presidential policy. "Putting in danger the functioning of Europe is not preferable to a no-deal."
Others suggested a longer delay would likely be needed, given the depth of Britain's political disarray.
Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel said he hoped for "an intelligent extension."
"If it's a longer extension there is no lunch for free, so we need to know why," he said.
May signalled she would accept a longer extension, as long as it contained a get-out-early cause should Britain end its Brexit impasse.
"What is important is that any extension enables us to leave at the point at which we ratify the withdrawal agreement," May said as she arrived in Brussels.
She added that she was hopeful it could be as soon as May 22 – a key date since that would avoid the need for Britain to participate in elections for the European Parliament.
Several months have passed since May and the EU struck a deal laying out the terms of Britain's departure and the outline of future relations. All that was needed was ratification by the British and European Parliaments.
But UK lawmakers rejected it – three times. As Britain's departure date of March 29 approached with no resolution in sight, the EU gave Britain until Friday to approve a withdrawal plan, change course and seek a further delay to Brexit, or crash out of the EU with no deal to cushion the shock.
If no extension materialises on Wednesday, Britain will leave the bloc Friday with no deal, unless it cancels Brexit independently.
Economists and business leaders warn that a no-deal Brexit would lead to huge disruptions in trade and travel, with tariffs and customs checks causing gridlock at British ports and possible shortages of goods.
A disorderly Brexit would hurt EU nations, as well as Britain, and all want to avoid it.
"I don't anticipate that the UK will leave this Friday," Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said. "I'm very confident that there will be an extension agreed today. What's still open is how long that extension will be and what the conditions will be."
But the bloc's patience is wearing thin.
Several leaders also said they would require assurances of good behaviour in return for another delay.
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said the EU leaders' decision would hinge on "what her plan is now to get that withdrawal agreement through Parliament, and how we can get guarantees that in the meantime the United Kingdom will stay as a loyal partner."
The British government insists it won't be obstructive since it wants to keep close ties to the bloc. But pro-Brexit British politicians have said Britain should be disruptive. Conservative lawmaker Mark Francois said that if the UK remained in the bloc, "then in return we will become a Trojan Horse within the EU."
May's future is uncertain, whatever the EU decides.
She has previously said that "as prime minister" she could not agree to let Britain stay in the EU beyond June 30, and she has also promised to step down once Brexit is delivered. Many Conservative Party lawmakers would like her to quit now and let a new leader take charge of the next stage of Brexit. But they can't force her out until the end of the year after she survived a no-confidence vote in December.
Every British initiative to get a deal has floundered so far. Several days of talks between May's Conservative government and the main opposition Labour Party aimed at finding a compromise have failed to produce a breakthrough. Labour favours a softer Brexit than the government has proposed, and wants to retain a close economic relationship with the bloc. The two sides said they would resume their discussions Thursday.
Ireland's Varadkar, whose country shares a border with the UK and would be among the hardest hit by a no-deal Brexit, said Britain was in "a difficult position."
"It doesn't want to leave without a deal; at the moment it doesn't want to vote for the deal. And of course a lot of people, maybe even half the population, don't want to leave at all," he said.