President Reuven Rivlin asks parliament to find a premier or a new general election will be called for early 2020, as incumbent Benjamin Netanyahu, facing indictment, and rival Benny Gantz fail to form government.
Israel's President Reuven Rivlin tasked parliament on Thursday with finding a new prime minister, as he sought to avoid new elections after incumbent Benjamin Netanyahu and rival Benny Gantz each failed to form a government.
"Starting today and for 21 days the decision of who to task with forming the government is in the hands of the members of the Knesset (parliament)," Rivlin said, a day after Gantz admitted he would be unable to build a governing coalition.
Parliament will now have until December 11 to find a candidate who can command the support of the majority of the country's 120 MPs or a new general election will be called for early 2020.
It would be the third such poll within 12 months.
'Disruptive politics must end'
Rivlin, who has been urging a compromise to break the political deadlock, met with Knesset speaker Yuli Edelstein on Thursday and formally handed over the mandate.
It was the first time in Israeli history the president had been forced to ask parliament to find a government.
"The disruptive politics must end," Rivlin said, addressing MPs from all parties.
He reminded them they have a responsibility to keep the country running and said: "Your political fate is not more important than the fate of an old lady in a hospital."
'Nobody wants another election'
Polls in September left Netanyahu's rightwing Likud party and Gantz's centrist Blue and White coalition near neck-and-neck.
Netanyahu was first given four weeks to build a governing coalition with smaller parties but failed, with Gantz admitting defeat late Wednesday after a similar period.
"Nobody wants another election," Edelstein said.
"I will do everything so that in the next three weeks we will succeed in forming a broad coalition and a strong government that will go back to work for the citizens of Israel."
Despite having failed in previous attempts, both Netanyahu and Gantz could be nominated in the next three weeks.
All sides say they oppose such new elections, which are unpopular with the Israeli public but have traded blame over the faltering talks.
Netanyahu, who has been premier since 2009 but is fighting a series of corruption allegations, remains in power in an interim capacity.
The country's attorney general could announce a decision regarding Netanyahu's graft cases soon.
Former army general Gantz and Netanyahu remain the most likely candidates to take over if new elections are avoided.
The two men had been discussing forming a unity government alongside former defence minister Avigdor Lieberman's Yisrael Beitunu party.
Talks broke down late Tuesday, with Gantz and Netanyahu arguing over who should go first if they were to rotate the premiership.
Both have said they are open to continuing dialogue in the next three weeks.
Joker in the pack?
The most important player may not be a politician at all but the top justice official.
Attorney-General Avichai Mandelblit is due to decide whether to charge Netanyahu over a series of accusations of graft.
They range from receiving gifts worth thousands of dollars to a deal to change regulatory frameworks in favour of a media group in exchange for favourable coverage.
Netanyahu strongly denies all the charges.
An indictment might permanently damage Netanyahu's political career, whereas a reprieve could give him a new lease of life.
Meanwhile, a justice ministry statement said Israel's attorney general would announce later on Thursday his decision on whether to indict Netanyahu.
Mandelblit will disclose his decision at a news conference at 7:30 pm (1730 GMT), the statement said.