Interpol announced that Kim Jong-yang of South Korea had been chosen as its new president, beating a Russian official whose candidacy had unnerved Western nations.
South Korea's Kim Jong-yang was elected as Interpol's president on Wednesday, edging out a longtime veteran of Russia's security services who was strongly opposed by the US, Britain and other European nations.
The White House and its European partners had lobbied against Alexander Prokopchuk's attempts to be named the next president of the policing organisation, saying his election would lead to further Russian abuses of Interpol's red notice system to go after political opponents and fugitive dissidents.
Kim's win means he secured at least two-thirds of votes cast at Interpol's general assembly in Dubai on Wednesday.
He will serve until 2020, completing the four-year mandate of his predecessor, Meng Hongwei, who was detained in China as part of a wide anti-corruption sweep there.
Kim, a police official in South Korea, was serving as interim president after Meng's departure from the post and was senior vice president at Interpol.
Most of Interpol's 194 member-countries attended the organisation's annual assembly this year, which was held in an opulent Dubai hotel along the Persian Gulf coast.
Interpol was facing a pivotal moment in its history as members decided whether to hand its presidency to Prokopchuk or Kim, who were the only two candidates vying for the post.
Based in the French city of Lyon, Interpol is best known for issuing "red notices" that identify a suspect pursued by another country, effectively putting them on the world's "most-wanted" list.
Human rights groups raised the alarm two years ago when Interpol's general assembly approved Meng as president. Amnesty International criticised "China's longstanding practice of trying to use Interpol to arrest dissidents and refugees abroad."
Two prominent Kremlin critics warned Tuesday that electing Prokopchuk – who has ties to President Vladimir Putin – would have undermined the international law enforcement agency and politicised police cooperation across borders.
The Kremlin said it regrets that the Russian candidate for Interpol president has lost the vote but says it accepts the election results.
Russia earlier accused critics of running a "campaign to discredit" Prokopchuk, calling him a respected professional.
The White House came out on Tuesday against the election of Prokopchuk, with National Security Council spokesman Garrett Marquis saying "the Russian government abuses Interpol's processes to harass its political opponents." He said the US "strongly endorses" Kim.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Washington encourages all nations and organisations that are part of Interpol to choose a leader with credibility and integrity that reflects one of the world's most critical law enforcement bodies. "We believe Mr Kim will be just that," he said.