The sale would include 80 Patriot missiles, 60 other missiles and associated equipment, according to a Pentagon security cooperation agency.
The US State Department has approved a possible foreign military sale of the Patriot air and missile defence system to Turkey for an estimated total of $3.5 billion, the Pentagon said on Tuesday.
According to the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, the department approved the sale of 80 Patriot MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missiles (GEM-T) missiles, 60 PAC-3 Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) missiles and associated equipment.
The agency notified Congress of the possible sale.
The sale includes radar sets, engagement control stations, launching stations, communications equipment, tools and test equipment, range and test programs and support equipment.
"The proposed sale will increase the defensive capabilities of the Turkey military to guard against hostile aggression and shield NATO Allies who might train and operate within Turkey's borders. Turkey should have no difficulty absorbing this system into its armed forces," said the agency
Turkey had been trying to purchase the air defense system from the US, but the missiles have never been sold to Turkey when they were needed the most, according to the government.
The move comes after Turkey signed a contract with Russia to buy the S-400 air defense system in 2017.
Installation of the S-400 system in Turkey is expected to begin in October 2019.
Washington has complained that the Russian system is not compatible with weapons used by other NATO countries.
Separately, in a report in late November, the Pentagon warned that purchasing the S-400 system would have unavoidable negative consequences for US-Turkey relations as well as Turkey's role in NATO.
Patriot missiles are used for defense purposes, mainly to shoot down incoming missiles and planes.
Kremlin says pressing on with Turkey missile sale
The Kremlin said on Wednesday it was pressing ahead with the sale of advanced Russian S-400 missile defence systems to Turkey despite the US State Department approving the sale of a rival US missile defence system to Ankara.
US and NATO officials have repeatedly warned Ankara that the Russian system cannot be integrated into the NATO air and missile defence system and that purchasing the S-400 system would jeopardise Turkey's purchase of Lockheed Martin Corp F-35 fighter jets and possibly result in Washington imposing sanctions.
Speaking to reporters on a conference call, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the two sales should be seen as separate from each other and that Russia was already in the process of fulfilling the terms of a deal to supply Ankara with the S-400s.
He said that Russia trusted Turkey not to disclose secrets about the S-400 system to its NATO partners.