More than 300 students are missing after gunmen stormed the Government Science School at Kankara late on Friday and engaged security forces in a fierce gunbattle, forcing hundreds of pupils to flee and hide in surrounding bushes and forest.
Nigerian authorities have stepped up efforts to rescue students abducted by armed men who raided their hostels.
UN children agency UNICEF condemned the assault on the school in Katsina. the home state of President Muhammadu Buhari.
Gunmen on motorcycles stormed the Government Science School at Kankara late on Friday and engaged security forces in a fierce gunbattle, forcing hundreds of students to flee and hide in surrounding bushes and forest.
State governor Aminu Bello Masari who visited the school on Saturday said soldiers were working to locate and free the hostages.
"Soldiers are currently in the bushes fighting the bandits. We will do all we can to ensure all the abducted children are reclaimed," he said.
National police spokesman Frank Mbas said "additional operational and investigative assets to support the ongoing search and rescue operations in Kankara," had been deployed.
Masari said it was still not clear how many students were "in the hands of the bandits" and how many had managed to escape.
"The school has a population of 839 and so far, we are yet to account for 333 students," Masari told a federal government delegation in his office on Sunday.
"We are still counting because more are still coming out of the forest," said the governor.
"Up till this moment, no one can give a precise figure of the children abducted", he said, adding that students who escaped confirmed some of their colleagues were taken.
Masari directed the school to take a headcount of the students to determine those who went back home.
Meanwhile, parents have converged on the secondary schoo begging authorities to save hundreds of boys abducted by gunmen
Abubakar Lawal came from Zaria, a city 120 kilometres (75 miles) south of Kanara. Two of his three sons at the school were among the missing.
"From yesterday I was here, praying that the almighty Allah should rescue our people," he said outside the dusty school grounds.
One of his missing sons, 17-year-old Buhari, was named after President Muhammadu Buhari, a native of Katsina state.
Yahaya, 17, said he escaped on Saturday. He gave only one name for fear of reprisals. He said he sneaked away while the kidnappers transferred students to different locations in the forest.
"We met someone with motorcycle who brought us to a nearby village," He said. "From there someone bought us to Kankara."
"We will not rest until we see the end of this," Katsina state spokesman Abdul Labaran told Reuters. Labaran said military and intelligence chiefs were in Kankara to lead the rescue.
While 321 students were missing, he said some could have gone home to other states.
All state schools in Katsina were ordered to close because officials did not know the attackers' motives, the education commissioner said.
Osama Aminu Maale was one of the students who escaped the abductors and returned to his parents.
"There were a total of 520 of us that were taken by the gunmen from the school," the 18-year old student, told AFP on the phone.
"After they took us away we stopped inside the bus where they made the older students take a headcount. We counted 520," he said.
The hostages were split into groups and before Maale and four others escaped.
"One of the gunmen hit me repeatedly when I failed to keep up with the rest of the group due to my failing health before he let me trail behind, giving me the chance to escape", he said.
Since the attack, all secondary schools in the state have been shut.
UNICEF in a statement on Sunday said it "condemns in the strongest possible terms this brutal attack and calls for the immediate and unconditional release of all children and their return to their families".
The global children body said it was "deeply concerned about these acts of violence."
"Attacks on schools are a violation of children’s rights. This is a grim reminder that abductions of children and widespread grave violations of children’s rights continue to take place in northern Nigeria."
UNICEF however commended the Nigerian government for deploying security forces to rescue the students.
Buhari on Saturday urged security forces to arrest the gunmen.
"I strongly condemn the cowardly bandits' attack on innocent children at the Science School, Kankara. Our prayers are with the families of the students, the school authorities and the injured," he said.
Katsina is among several areas in northwest Nigeria that have been repeatedly attacked by "bandits" who kidnap for ransom and rustle cattle.