The African National Congress, once led by Nelson Mandela, has been losing electoral support due to rising levels of poverty and unemployment, as the country also faces an electricity crisis.
South Africa’s ruling African National Congress party has marked its 111th anniversary with celebratory events in Mangaung, Free State province, where the organisation was founded in 1912.
President Cyril Ramaphosa, who was re-elected as the ANC party leader at a national conference in December last year, was expected to deliver an address to a crowd of supporters on Sunday, outlining how the party plans to address the country’s many challenges.
The ANC is the oldest liberation movement against colonialism in Africa and led South Africa’s transition from white minority rule to democracy after it was unbanned in 1990.
Its leader and struggle icon, Nelson Mandela, became the country’s first democratically elected president in 1994 after spending 27 years in prison alongside other ANC leaders for their anti-apartheid activities.
The anniversary comes amid a decline in electoral support for the party due to, among other things, rising levels of poverty and unemployment, failure to provide basic services to poor communities and lack of economic growth.
South Africa is also facing an electricity crisis which has at times led to households and businesses experiencing power blackouts for more than eight hours daily.
READ MORE: South Africa deploys troops to protect power plants from 'sabotage'
Losing major cities
The party’s image as a liberation movement that fought against the oppression of Black people in the country has been dented by wide-ranging revelations of corruption among party leaders and government officials.
In 1994, the ANC got just over 62 percent of the national vote, securing a majority of seats in the country’s first democratic parliament.
However, by 2019 the party’s support had declined to 53 percent of the national vote, its worst-ever electoral performance since it came into power in 1994.
It has also lost political control of major cities including Johannesburg; Tshwane, which includes the capital Pretoria; and Nelson Mandela Bay.
It is expected to face a tough national election in 2024, with analysts and pollsters suggesting it will struggle to get more than 50 percent of the national vote.
READ MORE: South Africa: Ramaphosa calls on ANC to fight corruption, deliver services