The African Union Transition Mission in Somalia will work till the end of the year with an aim to enable the country's forces to take primary responsibility for security.

Somalia has seen a spate of attacks in recent weeks as it hobbles through a long-delayed election process.
Somalia has seen a spate of attacks in recent weeks as it hobbles through a long-delayed election process. (Reuters Archive)

The United Nations Security Council has voted unanimously for a new African Union peacekeeping force in Somalia.

"The UN Security Council has adopted a resolution... to reconfigure AMISOM," the UAE, which holds the UNSC presidency, said on Twitter on Thursday.

"It is now the African Union Transition Mission in Somalia (ATMIS)."

The current African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is composed of 20,000 soldiers, police and civilians helping local authorities fight against the militants.

Its mandate was due to expire on Thursday, and UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres recommended early this month maintaining the force level until the end of the year.

The new mission will work to enable Somali forces to take primary responsibility for security.

Under the resolution approved on Thursday, the UN force reduction will be carried out in four phases until the last peacekeeper withdraws in late 2024.

READ MORE: World calls 'dialogue' for Somalia's elections

A spate of attacks

Al Shabab militants have been seeking to overthrow the fragile government in Somalia for more than a decade.

The Horn of Africa nation has seen a spate of attacks in recent weeks as it hobbles through a long-delayed election process.

Last week twin attacks in central Somalia claimed 48 lives.

Somalia's key foreign backer, the United States, has imposed travel sanctions on senior political figures for undermining the electoral process.

The lower house election was due to be completed on Thursday, paving the way for lawmakers to pick a president.

President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed's term ended in February 2021 but efforts to hold an election have failed.

Insurgents controlled Mogadishu until 2011 when they were pushed out by AMISOM troops, but still hold territory in the countryside.

READ MORE: Military base near Somalia's int'l airport comes under deadly attack

Source: AFP