Elnur Mammadov, deputy foreign minister of Azerbaijan, said Armenia continued to lay mines in Nagorno-Karabakh as part of a campaign of "ethnic cleansing" as the International Court of Justice began hearing a suit filed by Baku.

Azerbaijani military officers hoist Azerbaijani flag during the ceremony to celebrate the liberation of the city of Zangilan from the Armenian forces, in Zangilan, Azerbaijan on November 08, 2020.
Azerbaijani military officers hoist Azerbaijani flag during the ceremony to celebrate the liberation of the city of Zangilan from the Armenian forces, in Zangilan, Azerbaijan on November 08, 2020. (AA Archive)

Azerbaijan's deputy foreign minister accused Armenia of “ethnic cleansing” and continuing to lay landmines in Nagorno-Karabakh even after a cease-fire ended a six-week war in the disputed region late last year, as a second case related to the conflict opened at the United Nations' top court. Armenia denied the accusations.

The "campaign of ethnic cleansing and incitement to violence against Azerbaijanis, is ongoing,” Elnur Mammadov told the International Court of Justice.

Last week, the court held hearings into a complaint brought by Armenia against Azerbaijan, also related to last year's clashes that left more than 6,600 people dead.

Baku demands maps of minefields

Azerbaijan is asking the world court's judges to order Armenia to halt the laying of landmines, provide Azerbaijan with maps of minefields to assist clearance efforts and to take measures to halt incitement by Armenian groups of racial hatred and violence against Azerbaijani citizens.

Armenian representative Yeghishe Kirakosyan urged the court to reject the requests, calling Azerbaijan's case “an exercise in false equivalencies. A tactic engineered to create a fog of information, one designed to give the impression that Azerbaijan is the true victim."

Mammadov said that mines laid by Armenian forces during and since the war have killed or injured at least 106 Azerbaijanis, including 65 civilians, since the conflict was ended by a Russian-brokered peace deal.

“There is no valid military or other reason for Armenia to continue to target and terrorise Azerbaijanis in this manner,” he told the court.

Provisional measures

Kirakosyan called the claim that Armenian forces continue to lay landmines baseless and told judges that “in the context of resolving all outstanding humanitarian issues, we stand ready to provide any more maps in our possession.”

Azerbaijan brought its case to the court alleging that Armenia's actions breach an international convention to stamp out racial discrimination. 

Armenia's separate case says that Azerbaijan's treatment of ethnic Armenians also breaches the convention.

Both cases will likely take years to reach a conclusion at the Hague-based court. 

The hearings in recent days are focused on both countries' requests for so-called provisional measures that the court can impose in order to prevent acts that could affect the cases. Judges will likely issue their decisions on those requests in coming weeks.

READ MORE: Azerbaijan files case at ICJ against Armenia for 'ethnic cleansing'

Both cases stem from a long-running territorial dispute that boiled over into last year’s war over the Nagorno-Karabakh region that is within Azerbaijan but had been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since the end of a separatist war in 1994.

The fighting last year ended when Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan signed a cease-fire agreement that granted Azerbaijan control over parts of Nagorno-Karabakh as well as adjacent territories occupied by Armenians.

The ceasefire is seen as a victory for Azerbaijan and a defeat for Armenia, whose armed forces withdrew in line with the agreement.

A joint Turkish-Russian centre was established to monitor the truce. 

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Source: TRTWorld and agencies