Protesters occupy railway tracks, bringing several passenger and freight trains to a halt in northern India, seeking to revoke three controversial farm laws that PM Modi's government passed last year.
Dozens of farmers have squatted on railway tracks in northern India, disrupting traffic to mark four months of a campaign against the opening-up of agriculture produce markets to private players.
Farm unions called for a 12-hour nationwide shutdown on Friday to keep up the pressure on the Modi government, which says the reforms will help farmers get better prices for their produce and bring investment.
"Four months ago, this day, farmers came to the borders of Delhi with their demands. But this government isn't listening to the farmers," said union leader Gurinder Singh Pannu.
"This protest will continue," he added.
Tens of thousands of farmers have been camped on the outskirts of the capital New Delhi since last year, saying new farm laws enacted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government will leave them at the mercy of big corporations.
READ MORE: Prominent figures shine spotlight on Indian farmers’ protests
'Take back the black laws'
Across the northern states of Haryana and Punjab, protesters blocked railway tracks at 32 locations, leading to the cancellation of at least four passenger trains.
"Around 30 trains are held up," Deepak Kumar, an Indian railways spokesperson told Reuters.
Freight movement had also been affected, with around 20 goods trains currently stalled, Kumar said.
At a major protest camp in Delhi's Ghazipur, protesters blocked a highway connecting the capital city with neighbouring Uttar Pradesh state.
Police also erected additional barricades, topped by concertina wire, and hundreds of personnel had been deployed.
Of around a thousand protesters at the site, some danced and sang on Friday. "Take back the black laws," they chanted in Hindi.
Several rounds of talks between the government and the farm leaders have failed and there are no new meetings planned for now.
READ MORE: Sikhs fall victim to rising Hindu nationalism in Australia