Bali's Mount Agung has been spewing volcanic ash reaching as high as 3,000 metres (9,800 feet) since the weekend forcing the city's international airport to stay shut for a second day.

A farmer walks with his cattle as Mount Agung volcano erupts in the background in Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia November 28, 2017.
A farmer walks with his cattle as Mount Agung volcano erupts in the background in Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia November 28, 2017. (Reuters)

Indonesia's transportation ministry said on Tuesday it will extend the closure of Bali's I Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport for a further 24 hours because of ash from the eruption of the island's Mount Agung volcano.

A report from local aviation navigation authorities showed that "aircraft flight channels are covered with volcanic ash" the ministry said in a statement.

Bali airport, about 60 km (37 miles) from the volcano, will be closed until 7am local time on November 29, it said.

Alternative airports

Ten alternative airports have been prepared for airlines to divert inbound flights, including in neighbouring provinces.

A separate notice showed Lombok airport had been reopened, after an earlier closure overnight due to the eruption.

Agung rises majestically over eastern Bali to a height of just over 3,000 metres (9,800 feet).

Tourists try to obtain flight information following the closure of Ngurah Rai airport, due to the eruption of Mount Agung, in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, November 28, 2017.
Tourists try to obtain flight information following the closure of Ngurah Rai airport, due to the eruption of Mount Agung, in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, November 28, 2017. (Reuters)

On Monday, authorities ordered 100,000 residents living near the volcano to evacuate immediately, warning that the first major eruption in 54 years could be "imminent". An 8-10 km (5-6 miles) exclusion zone has been imposed around the summit.

Agung's last eruption in 1963 killed more than 1,000 people and razed several villages by hurling out pyroclastic material, hot ash, lava and lahar.

On Tuesday, life continued largely as normal in villages surrounding Agung, with residents setting up traditional markets and offering prayers as the volcano continued to spew tall columns of ash and smoke from its crater.

A general view shows Mount Agung erupting seen from Kubu sub-district in Karangasem Regency on Indonesia's resort island of Bali on November 28, 2017.
A general view shows Mount Agung erupting seen from Kubu sub-district in Karangasem Regency on Indonesia's resort island of Bali on November 28, 2017. (AFP)

Many residents evacuated in September, when the alert was last raised to the highest level, have returned to their homes and farms due to worries over their livelihood and livestock.

Indonesia's Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation Centre (PVMBG), which is using drones, satellite imagery and other equipment, said predictions were difficult in the absence of instrumental recordings from the last eruption 54 years ago.

It warned that if a similar eruption occurred, it could send rocks bigger than fist-size up to 8 km (5 miles) from the summit and volcanic gas a distance of 10 km (6 miles) within three minutes.

Recordings now show the northeast area of Agung's peak has swollen in recent weeks "indicating there is fairly strong pressure toward the surface," PVMBG said.

Source: TRTWorld and agencies