The five are on trial in Istanbul, along with two flight attendants, for allegedly helping Ghosn flee while awaiting trial in Japan.
A Turkish court on Friday released four pilots and a private airline official from jail, pending the outcome of their trial on charges of smuggling former Nissan Motor Co chairman Carlos Ghosn out of Japan to Lebanon, via Turkey.
The court, however, barred the five from leaving Turkey and ordered them to report to authorities at regular intervals.
Ghosn, once a leading light of the global car industry, was arrested in Japan in late 2018 and charged with underreporting his salary and using company funds for personal purposes, charges he denies.
The ousted chairman of the alliance of Renault, Nissan Motor Co and Mitsubishi Motors Corp had been awaiting his trial under house arrest in Japan when he escaped in December via Istanbul to Beirut, his childhood home.
Migrant smuggling charges
An executive from Turkish private jet operator MNG Jet and four pilots were detained in early January soon after Ghosn's escape and charged with migrant smuggling, a charge carrying a maximum sentence of eight years in jail.
They appeared in white protective overalls, masks and gloves as a measure against the coronavirus, as the court in Istanbul began hearing their defence. Two flight attendants, charged with failing to report a crime, which could incur a sentence of up to one year, were also there.
All seven defendants pleaded not guilty to the charges.
In their indictment, prosecutors had said MNG Jet operations manager Okan Kosemen, who is one of the seven on trial, knew before the flight left Osaka that Ghosn would be on board and would transfer to Beirut.
Kosemen said in court on Friday he was only told via phone about Ghosn's presence on the plane during its flight to Istanbul and that he cooperated under duress, believing his family could be in danger.
Kosemen said a Lebanese broker who had arranged the flight had told him by phone, from Beirut, that the ex-Nissan boss was on board. He added that he had heard "screams of joy" in the background.
"I swore at him (the broker). I was very angry," he told the court.
Kosemen later met the arriving plane at an Istanbul airport, and accompanied Ghosn on the Beirut-bound flight, he told the court. "Carlos asked me how much the plane cost ... and told me about Hollywood producers who want to make this escape a movie," he said.
A lawyer for Ghosn did not immediately respond to a request to comment.
Saga shakes auto world
The prosecution said Kosemen used WhatsApp to communicate with pilots before, during and after the Osaka-Istanbul flight, using terms like "luggage" and "consignment" to refer to Ghosn. Kosemen told the court "consignment" referred to sake, rice wine, that he himself had ordered from Japan.
According to the indictment, Kosemen told prosecutors a price of $175,000 was agreed for the flight with the Lebanese broker and paid into MNG Jet's bank account.
In January, MNG Jet said he acted without the knowledge of the company and it had filed a criminal complaint about the illegal use of its aircraft. MNG did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The pilots have said they are only required to check headcount, not the identities of passengers, according to the indictment.
Arrests made in US
Japan has formally asked the United States to extradite two Americans, a former Green Beret and his son, who also stand accused of helping Ghosn flee Japan. They were arrested in Massachusetts in May.
The Ghosn saga has shaken the global auto industry, at one point jeopardising the Renault-Nissan alliance, which he masterminded, and increased scrutiny of Japan's judicial system.
Renault and Nissan have struggled to recover profitability following his tenure, during which both automakers say Ghosn focused too much on expanding sales and market share.
Turkish police detained the suspects on January 2 and an Interior Ministry official was cited at the time as saying Turkish border police were not notified about Ghosn's arrival, and neither his entry nor his exit was registered.