The NGO that filed the charges says people on the boat attempting to carry migrants across the Channel were given no immediate assistance despite making distress calls to French and British rescue services.

The association deplored that a French probe into the accident was focused essentially on the role of human traffickers, and not the authorities.
The association deplored that a French probe into the accident was focused essentially on the role of human traffickers, and not the authorities. (AFP)

A humanitarian association has filed manslaughter charges against high-ranking French and British officials for failing to help 27 people who drowned in November trying to cross the English Channel.

The charges, filed on Friday and seen by AFP news agency on Monday, target Philippe Dutrieux, the coast prefect of Cherbourg, Marc Bonnafous, director of the French regional coastguard, and Claire Hughes, director of Her Majesty's Coastguards, of "involuntary manslaughter" and "failure to help people in need".

According to statements from two survivors, people close to the victims and people who managed to cross on the same day, distress calls were made to the French and British rescue services even before the migrants' bodies were eventually found by a fishing trawler, the Utopia 56 association said.

"They were given no immediate assistance," it said in a statement.

Most of the victims of the boat accident on November 26 were Iraqis. Four Afghan men, three Ethiopians, a Somalian, an Egyptian and an Iranian were also drowned.

The dead included seven women, a 16-year-old and a seven-year-old.

READ MORE: Why are more refugees risking the dangerous journey on the English Channel?

NGO urges probe

The alleged shortcomings by the French and British coastguards were a "regular" occurrence, Utopia 56 said, adding it hoped an investigation would shed light on the circumstances of the deaths.

The association deplored that a French probe into the accident was focused essentially on the role of human traffickers, and not the authorities.

The British side appeared not to have launched any investigation at all, it said.

The accident was the most deadly involving a migrant boat in the Channel and cast a spotlight on the increasing number of desperate people seeking to cross the narrow waterway between France and England.

It also caused major diplomatic tensions between London and Paris.

According to the investigation, the migrants left in an inflatable boat from Loon-Plage in northern France at night.

After their boat capsized only two men, an Iraqi and a Sudanese national, were rescued safely.

According to the Iraqi survivor there had been a total of 33 people aboard.

READ MORE: Five things to know about the refugees who died in the Channel tragedy

Source: TRTWorld and agencies