A report published by Syrian Network for Human Rights on the 12th anniversary of the outbreak of pro-democracy protests in Syria documents the fatalities caused by the ensuing war since 2011.
More than 230,000 Syrians have been killed and over 13 million displaced since 2011, a human rights group said.
In a statement on Wednesday, the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) said 230,224 civilians were killed, including over 30,000 children and 16,000 women.
The report was issued on the 12th anniversary of the outbreak of pro-democracy protests in Syria in 2011, which were violently repressed by the regime of Bashar al Assad.
The SNHR said regime forces were responsible for the death of over 201,000 people, while other fatalities were blamed on the Russian forces, the Daesh terrorist group, armed factions, the terrorist separatist PKK-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and the US-led coalition forces.
According to the rights group, around 56 percent of the victims were killed during the second and third years of the war.
Nearly 52 percent of the deaths were reported in the provinces of Damascus, Aleppo, and Homs.
The SNHR said no less than 154,817 people have been arrested or forcibly disappeared in Syria.
“Of these, more than 135,000 are still held by the Syrian regime forces alone, including 5,199 children and 10,169 women,” it added.
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At least 10,169 women (adult females) are still detained or forcibly disappeared at the hands of the parties to conflict and the governing forces from March 2011 to March 2023— Syrian Network (@snhr) March 9, 2023
As documented by #SNHR #Syria
See the full report: https://t.co/e6k76DrJ5M pic.twitter.com/cWcsanw3MG
Widespread deaths, destruction
The rights group documented the deaths of at least 15,272 civilians due to torture, with the regime forces blamed for 99 percent of these deaths.
Regime warplanes dropped no less than 81,916 barrel bombs since the first documented use of this weapon in July 2012, killing more than 11,000 civilians, it added.
It also documented 222 chemical attacks in Syria, with the Syrian regime blamed for 217 attacks, while Daesh terror group was responsible for five chemical attacks.
“Around 1,510 people were killed in chemical attacks carried out by the Syrian regime,” it added.
The rights group said more than half of the Syrian people have been displaced since 2011.
“Nearly 13.3 million Syrians have sought refuge in other countries or have been forced to flee internally,” it added.
According to SNHR, the Syrian regime issued at least 22 amnesty decrees. “However, only 7,351 detainees have been released, while more than 135,000 citizens remain detained or forcibly disappeared,” it added.
Additionally, the report documented 874 attacks on medical facilities, 1,416 on places of worship, and 1,611 damaged schools, 87 percent of which were blamed on the regime forces and allied Russian and Iranian troops.
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