Demonstrations mark first major unrest for Sultan Haitham bin Tariq, who took over in January 2020 after death of long-ruling Sultan Qaboos bin Said.
Scattered protests in Oman over layoffs and poor economic conditions have drawn a massive police presence in at least one city in the sultanate, with protesters throwing stones at one point and police firing tear gas.
Videos posted to social media on Monday show several dozen Omanis in the city of Sohar trailed by a long line of riot police vehicles.
Other images appear to show a line of dozens of officers in riot gear near a government labor office in the city, some 200 kilometers (125 miles) northwest of the capital, Muscat.
Other images appear to show Omanis fleeing smoking tear gas canisters and others being arrested by nightstick-wielding riot police.
The images correspond to known landmarks around Sohar, the first major city people enter in the sultanate after coming over the border from the neighbouring United Arab Emirates.
Authorities in Oman show up by the dozens at a peaceful protest in #Sohar— Laura Walsh (@Laura_walshh) May 23, 2021
This response of suppression by the authorities makes clear the lack of freedom Omani civilians are allowed.
Protestors have the right to express themselves without being silenced.#صحار pic.twitter.com/ijfdKCT1ar
Mass police presence
Similar scattered protests on Sunday brought another mass police presence, activists said online.
That demonstration was acknowledged by Oman's Labor Ministry in a tweet, which said it was aware of people gathering there to try to “find new job vacancies and to solve the problems of those who were fired.”
It was not immediately clear if there had been a major layoff in Sohar, which is home to a key port, as well as plants producing aluminium and steel.
Oil and gas remains a major industry in Oman.
Its tourism sector has been hard hit by the coronavirus pandemic and repeated lockdowns in the sultanate.
My sources are telling there is an uprising in Sohar, #Oman. In 2011, I was the only reporter who reported the protest from #Sohar riot scene, Muscat protest tents and again 2013 in Liwa riot scene.— Rejimon Kuttappan (@rejitweets) May 24, 2021
Sharing a few front pages from my archives. Hav more. pic.twitter.com/9Lr3ZGe4rk
Oman's tightly controlled private media, as well as its state news agency and TV broadcaster, did not immediately report on the protests.
However, state TV on Monday afternoon acknowledged that jobless people had been coming to Labor Ministry offices to “expedite the treatment of their conditions."
The Royal Oman Police did not acknowledge making any arrests. Oman's Information Ministry and the Omani Embassy in Washington did not respond to requests for comment.
You might think this was a small protest, why am I bothering to cover it? Well look how seriously Oman's police took it. You can see around 24 police jeeps and coaches in this video - almost one police vehicle per peaceful protester pic.twitter.com/miw4Z6M6HA— Phil Miller (@pmillerinfo) May 24, 2021
First major unrest
The demonstrations mark the first major unrest for Sultan Haitham bin Tariq, who took over in January 2020 after the death of the long-ruling Sultan Qaboos bin Said.
State media on Monday referred to employment as “among the most important priorities” of Sultan Haitham.
Oman faces billions in looming loan repayments, including from China, and needs even more money as its youthful population wants jobs and its government cannot afford the cradle-to-grave benefits given in other Gulf Arab nations.