A first round of voting will end on Sunday, with a second-round on November 7-8. Run-offs will take place in late November and early December.
Egyptians have voted in a parliamentary election in which there was little doubt of a sweeping victory for supporters of hardline President Abdel Fattah el Sisi.
Some 63 million voters out of Egypt's more than 100 million people are eligible to elect 568 of the 596 lawmakers in the lower house, widely seen as a rubber-stamp body for executive policies.
The remaining deputies will be appointed by former army general-turned-president Sisi, whose government has over the past six years silenced any serious political opposition to its rule.
The elections will be held in two phases, with the first covering 14 provinces on Saturday and Sunday.
The second, to be held on November 7 and 8, will cover 13 provinces, including the capital, Cairo.
On Saturday morning, mini-buses were seen driving around parts of Giza province, south of Cairo, bearing photos and banners of some candidates to draw support as voters trickled into polling stations, an AFP reporter said.
Prime Minister Mustafa Madbouly urged Egyptians to take part in the vote that he described as having a “democratic atmosphere” as he cast his own ballot early in the morning in a Giza suburb.
“The previous parliament allowed the government to do what it wanted,” said voter Amr Abdel Wahed while waiting to cast his ballot at a polling center neat the Cairo University. He added that people were “tired” of a parliament that followed the government's line so closely.
Giant billboards and banners have sprung up across the bustling capital, Cairo, and elsewhere urging Egyptians to vote, while some candidates have released online music video clips to draw support.
Many of the candidates also stood for election five years ago in a political landscape marked by the presence of dozens of parties with little weight and influence on the ground.
The outgoing parliament, elected in 2015, was packed with Sisi supporters and featured only a small opposition bloc known as 25/30.
The new parliament will be the second to convene under Sisi, who took office in 2014 after leading the military ouster of President Mohamed Morsi.
Run-offs will be held in November and final results are to be announced in December.
A woman in Giza said she was casting her ballot under pressure from the authorities.
"I am only taking part in the elections because I am afraid if I don't vote, I will be fined by the government," she said, declining to be named for security reasons.
During Senate elections in August, the election commission said citizens who fail to vote could face fines of up to $31 (500 Egyptian pounds).
Nevertheless, those elections were marked by a low voter turnout of around 14 percent.
The parliament vote is the second to be held since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic which has so far infected more than 105,000 people and killed nearly 6,200 in Egypt.
Over 4,000 candidates, believed to be mostly pro-government, are competing for 284 of the 568 seats reserved for individuals. Eight party lists are running for the remaining 284 seats.
Among the top contenders is a political coalition known as the Unified National List, led by the pro-government Mostakbal Watan, or Nation's Future, Party.
The party, including top businessmen and public figures, has grown since 2014 to become one of Egypt's dominant political forces.
It swept the August Senate elections, and its leader Abdelwahab Abdelrazek was named the upper house's head last Sunday.
The reinstatement of the upper house – which had been abolished after Morsi's ouster – was among constitutional amendments which included potentially extending Sisi's rule until 2030.
Other changes were to boost the president's control over the judiciary and granting the army even greater influence in political life.
Sisi's government has for years launched a severe crackdown on dissent, ensnaring journalists, bloggers, lawyers and intellectuals.