Since leaving for neighbouring Lithuania last week, under pressure from the government according to her allies, Svetlana Tikhanovskaya has been calling for demonstrations and justice for a brutal police crackdown on protesters.
The main challenger in Belarus's disputed presidential election says she's ready to take over the country's leadership after a wave of protests against long-time President Alexander Lukashenko.
"I did not want to be a politician. But fate decreed that I'd find myself on the frontline of a confrontation against arbitrary rule and injustice," Svetlana Tikhanovskaya said in a new video from exile in Lithuania on Monday.
"I am ready to take responsibility and act as a national leader during this period."
The video was released after over 100,000 people took to the streets of Minsk on Sunday for the biggest demonstration in the country's history against Lukashenko's claim to have won the August 9 election with 80 percent of the vote.
Tikhanovskaya, a 37-year-old political novice who ran after other potential candidates including her husband were jailed, accuses Lukahsenko of rigging the election and has called for a new vote.
Since leaving for neighbouring Lithuania last week, under pressure from the government according to her allies, she has been calling for demonstrations and justice for a brutal police crackdown on protesters.
Protesters hold historic rally
Belarusian opposition supporters gathered for the largest protest rally in recent history in Minsk as Lukashenko rejected calls to step down in a defiant speech.
Crowds of protesters marched through the streets to the central Independence Square with an estimated turnout of more than 100,0000, a scale of protest not seen since the breakup of the Soviet Union.
Belarusian independent news site Tut.by called the rally "the largest in the history of independent Belarus".
Columns of demonstrators raised victory signs and held flowers and balloons as a sea of protesters gathered in Independence Square, the focus of peaceful demonstrations in recent days.
"Now we're changing history," said 26-year-old Yekaterina Gorbina, a content manager.
"Blood was spilled and the people will never forget that."
Darya Kukhta, 39, a mother of six, said: "We believe that a new Belarus is beginning. I'm very happy to be seeing this with my own eyes."
Demonstrators held placards with slogans such as "You can't wash off the blood" and "Lukashenko must answer for the torture and dead".
Tikhanovskaya had called for a weekend of protests after leaving for neighbouring Lithuania following the disputed election, which gave Lukashenko 80 percent of the vote.
Other major towns and cities in the ex-Soviet country of nine million also saw large rallies, local media reported.
More and more Belarusians have taken to the streets over the last week to condemn Lukashenko's disputed victory and a subsequent violent crackdown by riot police and abuse of detainees.
Unusually, tightly controlled state television news aired a short item on the "alternative protest" in Minsk, while not showing anti-Lukashenko slogans.
Outside Belarus, hundreds of Czechs and Belarusians, some holding the traditional red and white Belarusian flag and portraits of Tikhanovskaya, gathered in Prague's historic centre Sunday in support of the protests.
There were also smaller shows of support in Romania and Poland.
'Defend your country!'
Lukashenko, who has ruled Belarus for 26 years, is facing an unprecedented challenge to his leadership.
The 65-year-old strongman held a rare campaign-style rally on Independence Square before the opposition protest.
He told flag-waving supporters: "I called you here not to defend me... but for the first time in a quarter-century, to defend your country and its independence."
State television said 65,000 people attended the rally, though an AFP reporter put the number closer to 10,000.
"The elections were valid," Lukashenko said in a sometimes emotional speech.
"We won't give away the country!" he vowed.
Belarus Freedom march is the largest gathering in Belarus history! pic.twitter.com/2SwS59qfLS— Franak Viačorka (@franakviacorka) August 16, 2020
Kremlin 'ready' to help
With pressure growing from the street and abroad after EU leaders agreed to draw up a list of targets for a new round of sanctions, Lukashenko has reached out to Russia, Belarus's closest ally.
Moscow said Sunday it was ready to provide military help if needed.
The Kremlin said that in a call with Lukashenko, President Vladimir Putin had expressed Russia's "readiness to provide the needed assistance" including "if necessary" through the CSTO military alliance between six ex-Soviet states.
RT Kremlin-funded television reported that this was in the case of "outside military threats".
Tens of thousands have taken to the streets over the last week to denounce the election result and support Tikhanovskaya, a 37-year-old political novice who ran after other potential candidates including her husband were jailed.
A violent police crackdown on protesters saw more than 6,700 people arrested, hundreds wounded and two people dead.
From exile in Lithuania, where she fled on Tuesday, Tikhanovskaya had called for a weekend of peaceful rallies.
Thousands of opposition supporters demonstrated in Minsk on Saturday at the spot where a 34-year-old protester died during unrest on Monday.
Officials said the man, Alexander Taraisky, died when an explosive device he was holding blew up in his hand.
Following the release of video footage contradicting this, Interior Minister Yury Karayev told Tut.by on Sunday: "Maybe they shot him with non-lethal weapons", saying only rubber bullets were used.
Call for mass strikes
The opposition has called for a general strike from Monday after hundreds of workers at state-run factories downed tools on Friday in a first sign that Lukashenko's traditional support base was turning against him.
Tikhanovskaya has announced the creation of a Coordination Council to ensure a transfer of power, asking foreign governments to "help us in organising a dialogue with Belarusian authorities".
She demanded the authorities release all detainees, remove security forces from the streets and open criminal cases against those who ordered the crackdown.
She has said she will organise new elections if Lukashenko steps down.
Poland monitors situation at its border with Belarus
Poland is monitoring the situation at its border with Belarus, Deputy Defence Minister Wojciech Skurkiewicz said on Monday.
NATO dismissed on Sunday allegations by Lukashenko that it was conducting a military buildup near the country's western border but said it was closely monitoring the situation following his contested re-election.
"We are looking at what is happening in Belarus, just like all NATO countries, and we will also look at what happens at our borders. We will not be passive in this observation," Skurkiewicz told public radio.
The Belarusian army plans to hold drills over August 17-20 near the country's nuclear plant and in the Grodno region bordering Poland and Lithuania, the RIA news agency reported on Sunday, citing the defence ministry.
On Saturday, Lukashenko said that an air assault brigade would move to Belarus' Western border.