At least 18, including two pilots, were killed and more than 120 hospitalised after an Air India Express plane crashlanded in India's Kerala state, but rescuers say the death toll would have been much higher if the aircraft had caught fire.
Airspace reopened to civil aviation "with immediate effect," Pakistan's aviation authority says, following months of curbs imposed in the wake of tensions with India since February sparked by a suicide attack on Indian troops in disputed Kashmir.
Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu said plans to privatise the carrier have been dropped for now due to factors such as the looming election and high oil prices.
Saudi Arabia does not recognise Israel and lifting the 70-year-old airspace ban would reflect what appears to be thawing ties between Israel and the kingdom.
El Al Airlines asks International Air Transport Association (IATA) to help it access Saudi Arabian airspace, so it can compete with Air India's planned route between India and Israel.
PM Modi's Hindu nationalist government, that spends millions for Hindus undertaking the Kailash Mansarovar and Kumbh Mela, is ending its policy of offering discounted airfares to Muslims embarking on the Hajj pilgrimage.
The airline is trying to slash costs ahead of its proposed privatisation in 2018, a move that the trade unions do not support.
Smoke from the Hindu festival of lights has increased already high levels of air pollution in New Delhi over the weekend.
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