By hosting the People’s Mujahedin of Iran (MEK) on behalf of the US, despite the group being labelled a terrorist organisation by Iran, Albania has drawn the ire of Supreme leader Ali Khamenei.
With nearly no choice but to retaliate, Iran is likely to aim for limited asymmetrical counter-attacks that will hurt the US without triggering war, but one mistake could lead to run-away escalation.
Leaders of Montenegro, Serbia, North Macedonia and Albania - all Western Balkan countries blighted by wars in the 1990s that also aspire to join the European Union - met in the Albanian capital Tirana to give shape to the idea.
The 6.4-magnitude quake, the country's worst-ever, struck on Tuesday, killing 51 people and leaving nearly 5,000 people homeless.
Earthquake rescue teams in Albania clung to hope of finding missing people in "survival pockets" rubble, as the death toll rose to 46 with some entire families found dead beneath their crumbled homes.
At least 47 victims were rescued alive, officials said, but the number of people who may still be buried amid rubble remains unknown.
Emergency workers try to save survivors from the ruins of an earthquake in Albania, as aftershocks hampered search efforts.
Albania was hit by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake on Tuesday, followed by 250 aftershocks. Local rescue workers are receiving help from Turkish rescue teams and the UN says it is sending in technical experts.
The most powerful earthquake to strike the country in decades shakes the capital Tirana and the country's west and north, tearing down buildings and burying residents under rubble.
Amnesty International claim credible reports suggest at least 106 were killed in Iran protests. Tehran has officially confirmed only five deaths so far.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, on Sunday backed the government's decision to raise gasoline prices and called angry protesters who have been setting fire to public property over the hike "thugs."
With Bosnia increasingly overwhelmed by migrants, the focus is turning to Croatia’s treatment of refugees and a potential new route for migrants opening in the Balkans.
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