The British foreign ministry has advised against all but essential travel to mainland Spain. The country responded by saying it is a safe destination but "respects decisions of the United Kingdom."
Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said the number of cases could top 10,000 by next week - more than double the current level - and asked citizens to play their part.
Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez says peace talks will begin this month after meeting with separatist president of Catalonia, Quim Torra, in Barcelona.
The National Electoral Board took the decision to strip regional Catalan President Quim Torra of his seat after a Catalan court barred him last month from public office during 18 months for disobedience.
Both of Spain's likely partners in government want to maintain Catalonia's position as an integral part of the country.
The second election in six months saw Spain’s political landscape become more fractured than ever before as the ruling Socialist Party lost seats, the far-right Vox party more than doubled its seats and nobody managed an overall majority.
Far-right party Vox became the third-largest party in Spain's parliament following a national election on Sunday, winning 52 seats, up from 24 at its debut in April.
Around 80,000 people marched through the streets of Barcelona to show support for Spain a day after the city hosted two pro-independence protests.
Catalonia has been gripped by unrest since an October 14 Supreme Court verdict found 12 Catalan leaders guilty of sedition and other crimes.
Hundreds of people packed a square in front of Catalonia's regional government headquarters in Barcelona for a rally by the centre-right, pro-union Ciudadanos party.
"This cannot continue. Barcelona does not deserve it," Mayor Ada Colau told reporters, adding that Friday's violence was the worst so far.
It was the biggest gathering since Monday's explosive verdict, which had already brought tens of thousands of independence supporters onto the streets in protest in this wealthy northeast region.
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