Austrian society is increasingly polarised politically and socially.
Incoming vice-chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache has in the past been ambivalent about EU membership, calling Brussels a “bureaucratic monster” and saying that Britain will “probably be better off” after it leaves the bloc.
The conservative People’s Party led by Sebastian Kurz reaches a deal with the anti-immigration Freedom Party, paving the way for Austria to become the only western European country with a far-right party in government.
Three coalition scenarios in Austria will determine which direction Austria will shift. Practically, the old guard in Austria is too deeply entrenched in the state apparatus to see an immediate, and marked, shift to the right in everyday governance.
Conservative leader Sebastian Kurz, 31, on track to become next leader after Sunday’s election but far-right Freedom Party could enter the government.
Although Conservatives are favourites to win Sunday’s parliamentary election, no party expected to win majority and a coalition government is likely.
The re-run will reopen a debate that split Austria almost evenly, pitting town against country, and blue-collar workers worried about immigration and falling living standards against the more highly educated.
As Europe struggles to deal with a refugee crisis and economic problems, the last few years have witnessed the resurgence of far-right political parties throughout the continent. Here are a few of the most notable.
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