Amnesty International criticised the arrest of several individuals over expressing their views and called for all in custody to be released.
Circumventing parliament in March, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's cabinet approved emergency regulations that enabled the Shin Bet internal security service to tap into cellular data to retrace the movements of people infected by the virus.
Israel received criticism for moving ahead with plans to annex parts of the West Bank amid the coronavirus pandemic.
In what's described as "the world's largest open-air prison" 13 coronavirus cases have been confirmed, with all patients in quarantine.
Officials have voiced concern that a shortage of critical equipment and medical supplies could set off a rapid spread amongst the enclave's two million people.
The Gaza Health Ministry says it urgently needs more than $20 million to stave off the collapse of the health system if there is a major outbreak.
The rallies were called for March 30 to mark the second anniversary of the "Great March of Return", which had prompted weekly protests by Palestinians seeking to regain access to land.
The Norwegian Refugee Council said it was unable to reach people in Syria, Yemen and the Gaza Strip, where authorities have imposed strict measures to halt the spread of the virus.
As the coronavirus pandemic sweeps across the Middle East, countries have sought to slow the increase of cases by limiting the movements of hundreds of millions of people.
In a bid to stem the novel coronavirus spread, Jordan ordered all shops to close and all people to stay off the streets until at least Tuesday, when it plans to announce specific times for shopping.
Witnesses said they heard an explosion come from a bakery in the Nusseirat camp in central Gaza before a blaze engulfed the bakery and quickly spread to nearby stores, factories and cars parked along the street.
There can be no reasonable explanation behind the latest act of cruelty from the Israeli army.
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