The bill, which looks all set to become law, will for the first time distinguish citizens of India on the basis of religion.
In recent years, Pakistan has increasingly invested in renovations to both Sikh gurdwaras and Hindu temples, but structural problems still exist with its minorities.
India's highest court has recently given a spate of verdicts that seem to fly in the face of India's avowedly right-wing government.
India is the second-most populated country, and is home to roughly 172 million Muslims who form the third-largest Muslim population on earth. The marginalised community is among the most economically deprived sections of Indian society.
Several Indians are urging people to speak with the country's Muslims. Here's what triggered the hashtag.
Modi's rise has deepened cleavages in Indian society and entrenched Hindu nationalism with dire consequences for minorities.
The main festival is on Friday this year but celebrations begin a week early in the town of Vrindavan, India - the birthplace of god Krishna.
From Fiji to Malaysia, India and elsewhere in the world, the annual Thaipusam festival marks the day when the goddess Parvathi gave her son Lord Murugan a powerful lance to fight demons.
Is the world's largest democracy also becoming the largest source of extreme Hindu nationalism?
Prime Minister Modi's government on May 25 decreed that markets could only trade cattle for agricultural purposes, such as ploughing and dairy production, affecting the livelihood of those working in the beef and leather industries.
Citizens in five cities protest against the targeted lynchings of Muslims by mobs that accuse them of killing cows or eating beef.
Critics see the elevation of a firebrand Hindu politician to the position of chief minister in India's most populous state as a move by Prime Minister Narendra Modi towards redefining the world's largest democracy as a Hindu nation.
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