The year 1979 is a turning point in the history of the region, as the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Islamic revolution in Iran and ‘Seige of Mecca’ laid the groundwork for the rise and victory of the Taliban over forty years later.
Stanislas Guerini, who helped found President Macron's centrist movement in 2016, threatens to pull back support for Sara Zemmahi, who is running for office in the southern city of Montpellier.
In a career filled with complexity and contradiction, Massoud was lionised as the ‘good Muslim’ during the insurgencies of the 1980s and 1990s, an expediency that would reek of Western dissonance post-2001.
Some statements from both French and Austrian authorities suggest that recent violent attacks are part of “Islamist terrorism”. But experts see dangers in that kind of description.
French Defence Minister Florence Parly said an investigation has been opened to determine the exact circumstances of the accident.
1979 not only transformed the region but led to global repercussions still being felt 40 years later.
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