May 19 is a milestone in Turkish history as it is the day when Mustafa Kemal arrived in Samsun from Istanbul to organise the war that saw the remnants of the Ottoman Empire transformed into modern Turkey four years later.
The post-World War I peace deal is contentious for a significant number of Turks, including President Erdogan, who seeks to amend it for various security and historical reasons.
World-renowned historian Philip Mansel believes the multiculturalism that existed in much of the Middle East before WWI is now found in places like London, which he says has transformed from a dull English city to a vibrant multi-ethnic stronghold.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan delivers his message for the commemoration of Turkey's Republic Day.
Turkey commemorates Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, on the 78th anniversary of his death.
Turkish celebrates National Sovereignty and Children's Day also marks 96th anniversary of first season of its Grand National Assembly
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