Population of Palestinian Israelis in the Negev region is estimated at around 300,000 but they live on only 5 percent of their land. The rest, they say, was confiscated by Israel since 1948.
The non-profit organisation has acted as an extended arm of the Israeli state and enabled the dispossession of Palestinians with what many call 'eco-colonialism'.
Palestinian Israelis in Negev have protested against land confiscation by the Jewish National Fund, an organisation that collects money from Jews around the world to seize Palestinian property.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has an election around the corner and will be looking to prove to his opponents that he can 'handle' Hamas and the situation in Gaza.
Israel says the deal is the most significant since the two countries signed their historic peace treaty in 1979.
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