Scientists William Kaelin, Peter Ratcliffe, and Gregg Semenza won the accolade for their body of work on how cells sense and adapt to the availability of oxygen, the award-giving body says.
The Swedish Academy will be allowed to award the 2018 and 2019 Nobel Prize for literature this year after a sex scandal forced a postponement of last year's prize.
William Nordhaus, of Yale University, and Paul Romer, , of New York University's Stern School of Business, were praised for bringing the world closer to achieving sustained and sustainable global economic growth.
Immunologists James Allison and Tasuku Honjo have won the 2018 Nobel Medicine Prize for revolutionising cancer treatment.
Arnault, a major cultural figure in Sweden, faced two counts of rape of a woman seven years ago, in a scandal that rocked the prestigious Nobel Prize academy with seven members either being forced to leave or quitting.
Trinidad-born British author and Nobel laureate whose celebrated writing and provocative personality drew admiration and revulsion in equal measures, died at his London home, his family says.
International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons says it's ready to fund the summit between North Korea's Kim Jong-un and US President Donald Trump in Singapore, after reports suggested the North may have trouble bearing the cost of Kim's stay.
The Swedish Academy announced its decision to delay the 2018 Nobel Prize for Literature to deal with allegations of sexual abuse and harassment that have rocked the secretive institution. Allegations of leaked winners have only added to the pain.
The decision comes after row within the secretive committee that awards the Nobel Prize in Literature over sexual harassment allegations prompting a rare intervention in public life by King Carl XVI Gustaf.
Nobel winner's book "We Are Displaced" will combine her own experiences with accounts she has heard while visiting refugee camps.
Medicine is the first of the Nobel Prizes awarded each year. This year, the prize went to three American scientists Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young for their discoveries about the body's daily rhythms.
The American musician declined to attend the official ceremony. He collected his prize in a private event in Sweden's capital, Stockholm.
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