This July, Türkiye, the UN, Russia, and Ukraine signed an agreement in Istanbul to resume grain exports from three Ukrainian Black Sea ports.
More than four million tonnes of grain have left Ukrainian ports so far, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says, while also stressing the importance of exporting Russian grain and fertilisers to help poor countries.
Azerbaijan currently delivers around 8 billion cubic metres of gas per year to the EU, and is expected to expand its capacity to 20 billion cubic metres by 2027.
While the Ukrainian defence has disrupted Moscow’s plans, it does not guarantee a return to the status quo ante.
Concerns about the region becoming increasingly unstable and fractured are real and legitimate.
Russia has failed in Ukraine’s north, and this does not bode well for the future of Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu and other members of the ruling elite.
The victorious Western alliance saw Russia as a crumbled post-Soviet state and did not make enough efforts to let Moscow join the power bloc.
The ongoing fighting in Ukraine is making Bosnians and other Balkan nations feel the heat, as both world wars originated in Eastern Europe, where there has always been a hegemonic struggle between Russia and the Western bloc.
Recent history demonstrates that Russian commitments to ceasefires and humanitarian corridors are tentative at best and deliberately manipulative at worst.
Putin’s Ukraine expedition has not gone as Moscow initially wished, but experts think Russia is not doing as badly as the Western media reports.
Kiev filed the case shortly after hostilities began on February 24, accusing Russia of illegally justifying its war by falsely alleging genocide in Ukraine's Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
A British-Nigerian medical student shares her ordeal of navigating dangerous routes in a bid to leave the country devastated by war.
Subscribe to our Youtube channel for all latest in-depth, on the ground reporting from around the world.
Copyright © 2023 TRT World.