There are many reasons why male mortality rates are higher than female and the range is broad — from soaring cigarette and alcohol consumption among men to superior immune systems among women, backed by estrogen, a feminine hormone.
The Food and Drug Administration said cartridge-based e-cigarettes in flavours "other than tobacco or menthol" would be illegal unless they receive specific authorization from the government.
Tobacco companies have used celebrities like British singer Lily Allen and Oscar-winning actor Rami Malek in posts to promote e-cigarettes.
Scientists found that current and former e-cigarette users were 1.3 times more likely to develop chronic lung disease, while tobacco smokers increased their risk by a factor of 2.6.
Turkey will join countries like France, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia in selling cigarettes in plain packaging as diseases attributable to tobacco use causes more than 100,000 deaths in Turkey yearly.
Last week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 2,051 confirmed and probable US lung injury cases and 39 deaths associated with use of e-cigarettes, or vaping products.
Following a wave of vaping-related illnesses and deaths, top officials say the search for answers is only getting more difficult.
Public health officials are still at a loss to explain the cause of the severe lung illnesses, which have now reached 1,080 cases across 48 states and one US territory so far, up from 805 cases last week.
Retail giant Walmart said it would stop selling e-cigarettes in its US stores amid a growing crackdown on flavored vaping products to deter an ever-growing number of young users.
Los Angeles becomes the latest city to take steps to ban flavored e-cigarettes, after more than 500 people have been sickened in an outbreak of vaping-related illness in the United States.
At least six people have died in the US recently after vaping in an outbreak that has sickened hundreds with severe pulmonary disease and left several teenagers in induced comas.
Smokers have a higher risk of a second stroke than people who never smoked at all, even if they managed to quit after their first stroke, a Chinese study suggests.
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