President Volodymyr Zelenskiy dissolved the Verkhovna Rada during his swearing-in ceremony in May, triggering snap polls.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan came to power in May after spearheading weeks of mass anti-government rallies that toppled veteran leader Serzh Sarkisian.
A decree issued by the office of President Ilham Aliyev says, Azerbaijan has brought forward the date of a planned presidential election to April 11 from October 17.
The Independence Party, the main partner in the current government coalition, lost 4 percentage points from last year’s election to take 25 percent of the vote.
If Abe secures a third term in the election, he will become Japan's longest-serving premier.
Abe is seeking to establish support to use strong diplomacy on North Korea. But Tokyo's popular governor has a new party contesting in the October 22 election.
The prime minister is currently facing calls to resign after losing a parliamentary majority in a snap election. However May is forging ahead with forming a new government, saying Britain needs "certainty" to leave the European Union.
Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat called for elections for June 3, a year early, to test his popularity following allegations that his wife owns an offshore company in Panama.
British Prime Minister Theresa May had previously promised she would not call an early election.
President Rumen Radev, who took office this month, had to call an early election after the centre-right government resigned late last year following the presidential election loss of its candidate. He will dissolve the parliament on Friday.
Croats are going to the polls to elect a government for the second time in less than a year. The election is unlikely to produce an absolute winner.
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