NASA's Lucy spacecraft will be hurled into space on a 12-year expedition to study a record number of asteroids.
Chinese Tianwen-1 follows NASA’s Perseverance rover, which landed last Thursday near an ancient river delta in Jezero Crater to search for signs of ancient microscopic life.
Falcon 9 rocket cargo includes 133 commercial and government spacecraft as well as 10 SpaceX satellites deployed under a "rideshare" programme.
Chinese mission that landed on Moon has transferred rocks to an orbiter which is due to land in northern grasslands in Inner Mongolia region in mid-December.
If the mission is completed as planned, it would make China the third nation to have retrieved lunar samples after the United States and the Soviet Union.
It has been four decades since lunar samples were retrieved to Earth in the 1970s to help scientists learn about the moon's origins, formation and volcanic activity on its surface.
The liftoff of the Mars orbiter named Amal, or Hope, from Japan marked the start of a rush to fly to Earth’s neighbour that includes attempts by China and the US.
Elon Musk’s company came within 17 minutes Wednesday of launching a pair of NASA astronauts for the first time in nearly a decade from the US, before the threat of lightning forced a delay.
The China Manned Space Agency said the prototype spacecraft arrived at its predetermined site after being in orbit for two days and 19 hours.
Two NASA astronauts gearing up to ride SpaceX's new space taxi will now be on a mission planned to last more than a month, instead of a week, to help the short-handed crew aboard the ISS, the US space agency said.
NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy and Roscosmos’ Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner lifted off as scheduled from the Russian-operated Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
The White House announced the creation of the new Space Force military arm in December, with President Donald Trump calling space "the world's newest warfighting domain."
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