Tehran's reaction came as countries at an International Atomic Energy Agency meeting in Vienna voted to censure Iran for failing to cooperate over its nuclear programme.
Valiollah Seif, who headed the Central Bank of Iran between 2013 and 2018, was charged with disturbing the order in the forex market and paving the way for illegal purchase and sale of foreign currency.
Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi said that "talks are on the agenda, but not talks for the sake of talks, or negotiations for the sake of negotiations".
International Court of Justice President Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf said the tribunal "finds consequently that it has jurisdiction ... to entertain the application filed by the Islamic Republic of Iran."
The warning comes as Iran’s clerical and military rulers blame Israel for the killing of its foremost nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh.
The sanctions, which forbid Americans and US entities from doing business with five Iranian entities, will likely have little impact, as some of the groups are already subject to other sanctions.
A senior advisor to Iran's supreme leader says Tehran could boost its uranium enrichment to "five percent" even as a top Iranian cleric warns Britain should be "scared' of Tehran's response over oil tanker capture in Gibraltar.
Baghdad has become the centre of a tug of war between Washington and Tehran, but it's trying its best to maintain a balance between the two rivals while pursuing its own interests.
Following US-imposed sanctions, Tehran signals it will use other routes to sell its oil to private sellers, who will sell it on to other states.
Tehran has "mobilised" all its resources to sell oil in a "grey market" bypassing US sanctions, state media quotes Deputy Oil Minister Amir Hossein Zamaninia as saying.
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