Washington convinced both India and Pakistan in 2019 that neither was preparing to go nuclear over Kashmir tension, ex-US top diplomat Mike Pompeo claims in his memoir.
Former US secretary of state Mike Pompeo has written in a book that India and Pakistan came close to nuclear war in 2019 and that US intervention prevented escalation.
"I do not think the world properly knows just how close the India-Pakistan rivalry came to spilling over into a nuclear conflagration in February 2019," the likely future presidential contender wrote in "Never Give an Inch," his memoir, published on Tuesday, of his time as Donald Trump's top diplomat and earlier CIA chief.
India, in February 2019, broke precedent by launching air strikes inside Pakistani territory after blaming a militant group there for a suicide bombing that killed 41 Indian paramilitary soldiers in the flashpoint Kashmir region.
Pakistan shot down an Indian warplane, capturing its pilot Abhinandan Varthaman, who was later released in a "goodwill gesture" by Islamabad.
Pompeo, who was in Hanoi for a summit between Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, said he was woken up with an urgent call from a senior Indian official.
"He believed the Pakistanis had begun to prepare their nuclear weapons for a strike. India, he informed me, was contemplating its own escalation," Pompeo wrote.
"I asked him to do nothing and give us a minute to sort things out," Pompeo said.
Pompeo said that US diplomats convinced both India and Pakistan that neither was preparing to go nuclear.
"No other nation could have done what we did that night to avoid a horrible outcome," Pompeo wrote.
Pompeo, who wrote that Pakistan "probably enabled" the attack carried out by a 20-year-old Kashmiri resident, said he spoke to "the actual leader of Pakistan," then army chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa, in an allusion to the weakness of civilian governments.
Pompeo, at the time, publicly defended India's right to act.
In his book, Pompeo spoke highly of India and, unlike officials in New Delhi, made no secret of his desire to ally with the South Asian democracy "to counteract Chinese aggression."
India and Pakistan tested nuclear bombs in 1998, a watershed moment.
Then-president Bill Clinton famously would say that Kashmir, divided between the two nations, was "the most dangerous place in the world."
'I'm still trying to kill you'
Pompeo writes extensively in the book of his diplomacy with Kim Jong-un, which included preparing three meetings between the young leader and Trump.
He recalled a chilling first conversation as he flew into Pyongyang in March 2018 on a clandestine trip as CIA director.
"'I didn't think you'd show up. I know you've been trying to kill me,'" Pompeo quotes Kim as telling him.
"I decided to lean in with a little humour of my own: 'Mr. Chairman, I'm still trying to kill you.'"
But Pompeo described a budding understanding with Kim as the Trump administration offered incentives to lower tension.
Pointing to Kim's smoking habit, Pompeo wrote that he told Kim he would take him to "the nicest beach in Miami and smoke the best Cubanos in the world. He told me, 'I already have a great relationship with the Castros.' Of course, he did."
Pompeo told to 'shut the hell up for a while'
As for their substantive conversation, Pompeo said Kim spoke candidly on concerns about China, usually viewed as North Korea's main ally.
Told that China believes North Korea wants US forces out of South Korea, "Kim laughed and pounded on the table in sheer joy, exclaiming that the Chinese were liars."
Kim "said that he needed the Americans in South Korea to protect him from the CCP, and that the CCP needs the Americans out so they can treat the peninsula like Tibet and Xinjiang," Pompeo wrote, referring to the Chinese Communist Party.
Pompeo became known for his hawkish stance on China, controversially accusing Beijing of spreading the "Wuhan virus," in a derogatory reference to Covid-19.
He said that Trump told him with an epithet that Chinese President Xi Jinping "hates you" and asked Pompeo to "shut the hell up for a while" as the United States needed health supplies from China.
"I was not happy that the president had tweeted that the CCP was doing a good job on the virus and praised Xi," Pompeo said.
"But I understood the circumstances — we needed health equipment and were at the CCP's mercy for it. I worked for the president, and I would bide my time."
Pompeo has not ruled out running against Trump for the 2024 Republican presidential nomination, although early polls show little support for Pompeo.