The blaze on Fraser Island, off Australia’s east coast, has been raging for more than six weeks and an expected heatwave will likely further fuel the fire.
Australian firefighters have struggled to control a massive bush fire that already destroyed 40 percent of the UNESCO world heritage-listed Fraser Island before a heatwave hit the area.
The fire on the world's largest sand island, off Australia's east coast, has been raging for more than six weeks and is consuming large swathes of the island's unique forests.
Temperatures are forecast to peak at 34 degrees Celsius (93 degrees Fahrenheit) on Monday as a heatwave sweeps across the region, raising concerns that hotter conditions will further fuel the blaze.
"The vegetation on Fraser Island is extremely dry and because it's so dry it's therefore very easy to ignite," incident controller James Haig said.
About two-thirds of Queensland state, including Fraser Island, is currently gripped by drought.
Fraser Island, known for its large population of dingoes, or native wild dogs, was listed as a world heritage site for its rainforests, freshwater dune lakes and complex system of sand dunes that are still evolving.
READ MORE: Australia heatwave renews bushfire worries
❗ LOCAL FIRE BAN - WHITSUNDAY LGA ❗— Qld Fire & Emergency (@QldFES) November 30, 2020
Due to heightened fire conditions, a local fire ban has been extended for the Whitsunday LGA. The ban will remain in place until 11.59pm Mon 14 Dec. More: https://t.co/9Z2zvBYzSM
Climate change is fuelling fires
According to a recent report from the nation's top science and meteorology agencies, climate change is fuelling more extreme droughts, bush fires and cyclones in Australia, which they said will only worsen as temperatures continue to rise.
Firefighters on Fraser Island are not only battling "very challenging weather conditions", Haig said, but are stymied by limited access to the blaze in the island's remote north.
Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service said the fire was burning on two fronts across 74,000 hectares (183,000 acres), or 42 percent of the island, but was not threatening properties.
However, as the fire has inched closer to settlements in recent days, authorities have banned new visitors from travelling to the popular holiday destination and restricted ferry services until further notice.
Haig said as many as 10 water-bombing aircraft had been deployed to fight the fire, including some tasked with protecting culturally significant Aboriginal sites.
Planes dropped about 250,000 litres of water on Saturday alone, but Haig said these efforts "will not stop the fire" but merely slow its progress.
"We really need rain and we're unfortunately not likely to receive it for some time," he said.
The Queensland Fire and Emergency Service imposed a seven-day fire ban in the area starting late Monday, as firefighters brace for an extended stretch of difficult weather conditions.
There are currently more than 30 crews on K’gari (Fraser Island), made up of QFES, QPWS & Butchulla Aboriginal Corporation personnel. The makeup of the sand island makes our work difficult & we share the communities concerns, but we’ll continue to work to minimise the impact. pic.twitter.com/fDieIDRpKU— Qld Fire & Emergency (@QldFES) November 30, 2020
Fraser Islan is known as K'gari, meaning paradise, in the language of the local Butchulla people and the spectacular setting attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists a year.
Haig said firefighters were trying to balance their management of the blaze, which is believed to have been sparked by an illegal campfire, with the need to avoid inflicting any further environmental damage.
READ MORE: Australia battles new bushfire threat as smoke cloaks capital
Smaller bush fires are burning elsewhere in Queensland as temperatures there soared after a weekend heatwave saw records tumble in Australia's southeast, including in Sydney where the city's residents sweltered through two days above 40 degrees Celsius.
More than 50 bush fires were burning across New South Wales state on Monday, where a return to heatwave conditions is forecast for Tuesday.
K'GARI FIRE UPDATE: Access to K'gari (Fraser Is) has been restricted to further visitors in the interests of public safety due to a bushfire which continues to burn. This took affect at 5pm today (Nov 27). For more info: https://t.co/nFoTYJFfOA pic.twitter.com/DWJSlKTcVS— Qld Park Alerts (@QldParkAlerts) November 27, 2020
Australia is still reeling from the devastating 2019-20 fires, which burned an area roughly the size of the United Kingdom and left 33 people dead as tens of thousands fled their homes.
The climate change-fuelled fire season also killed or displaced nearly three billion animals and cost Australia's economy an estimated $7 billion.
In New South Wales, at least 5,000 koalas were killed in the fires that burned 80 percent of the Blue Mountains World Heritage Area and 24 percent of koala habitat on public land, the government’s June report said.
As another summer looms, koalas face the threat of more bushfires, although weather forecasters expect a wetter, cooler few months than in the previous year.
New state laws have sought to limit the ability of farmers to clear land deemed important for koala habitat, setting off a political brawl between urban conservationists and people in the bush who wanted to manage their property.
The country is one of the world's leading fossil fuel exporters and the conservative government has dragged its heels on tackling carbon emissions, despite recent polling showing Australians are increasingly concerned about climate change.