Indian rights groups say civil liberties and the space for dissent are under increasing attack in the world's biggest democracy under Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has issued a veiled warning about Indian democracy backsliding in his first official visit to New Delhi.
Rights groups say civil liberties and the space for dissent are under increasing attack in the world's biggest democracy under Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government.
Blinken told civil society groups – his first appointment before meeting Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar and Modi – that the United States and India are "connected by shared values" such as rule of law and freedom of religion.
Democracies should "always seek to strengthen our democratic institutions, expand access to justice and opportunity, stand up forcefully for fundamental freedoms," Blinken said.
"At a time of rising global threats to democracy and international freedoms – we talk about a democratic recession – it's vital that we two world-leading democracies continue to stand together in support of these ideals."
I was pleased to meet civil society leaders today. The U.S. and India share a commitment to democratic values; this is part of the bedrock of our relationship and reflective of India’s pluralistic society and history of harmony. Civil society helps advance these values. pic.twitter.com/5NL2WiQ13o— Secretary Antony Blinken (@SecBlinken) July 28, 2021
Under Modi, India has made growing use of anti-terrorism legislation and "sedition" laws to arrest campaigners, journalists, students and others, critics say.
Earlier this month, an 84-year-old priest and tribal rights activist, charged with terrorism offences, died after nine months in custody, prompting international outrage including from the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The Hindu nationalist administration has also brought in legislation that detractors say discriminates against India's nearly 200-million-strong Muslim minority.
The government denies cracking down on criticism and says people of all religions have equal rights.
Rivalry with China
In the talks proper, Indian officials were expected to express alarm over Taliban gains in Afghanistan and to press Blinken for more support in New Delhi's border standoff with China.
US-India relations have historically been prickly but China's growing assertiveness pushed them closer, particularly since deadly clashes last year on the disputed Indo-Chinese Himalayan frontier.
India is part of the Quad alliance with the United States, Japan and Australia, seen as a bulwark against China.
But according to Brahma Chellaney, strategic affairs expert at India's Centre for Policy Research, US backing has "slipped a notch" since Joe Biden took over from Donald Trump as president.
"India is locked in a military standoff with China but unlike top Trump administration officials who publicly condemned China's aggression and backed India, no one in Team Biden has so far lent open support to India," Chellaney told AFP news agency.
Taliban takeover in Afghanistan
Biden has further riled New Delhi with Washington's "rushed and poorly planned exit from Afghanistan", Chellaney added.
India is worried that a possible takeover by the Taliban, which it sees as backed by its arch-rival Pakistan, will turn the country into a base for militants to attack India.
The Taliban welcomed virulently anti-Indian militants when the group ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.
A hijacked Indian airliner was flown to the Taliban bastion of Kandahar in 1999.
India, a firm backer of the Afghan government with billions of dollars in development aid, recently evacuated 50 staff from its Kandahar consulate due to the worsening security situation.
Pakistan accuses India of fomenting trouble on its western borders with the help of anti-Pakistan militants who are hiding in Afghanistan, a charge New Delhi denies.
Taliban officials have cranked up their international diplomacy in recent months, seeking global recognition for when they hope to return to power.
They have also assured neighbouring countries the group will not allow Afghanistan to be used as a base for plotting against another country.
Today, I'm proud to announce an additional $25 million from the U.S. government, through @USAID, to support India’s COVID-19 vaccination program. The United States’ support will help save lives by strengthening vaccine supply chains across India. pic.twitter.com/In45qnrgID— Secretary Antony Blinken (@SecBlinken) July 28, 2021
The talks in a monsoon-soaked New Delhi also covered joint efforts on making Covid-19 vaccines and climate crisis.
India, on course to become the planet's populous country, is the world's third-biggest carbon emitter and is on the front line of the ravages of global warming.