Voter turnout was slightly over eight percent in Muslim-dominated areas of the Kashmir valley amid an anti-India strike. The local elections in the India-administered part of the disputed region were the first in over a decade.
The first phase of local council elections ended on Monday in India-administered Kashmir amid tight security and a shutdown sponsored by pro-independence groups.
Authorities deployed tens of thousands of additional soldiers in the already highly militarised region for the elections, which are being held in four phases.
Voter turnout was slightly over eight percent in Muslim-dominated areas of the Kashmir valley, the heartland of anti-India dissent.
Armed police and soldiers guarded over 800 polling stations across the Indian-held portion of the disputed region as government forces laid razor wire and erected steel barricades on roads.
When only 5 or 6 out of every 100 eligible voters vote in elections, it means that 94 or 95 % people are clearly voting against the very idea of elections under a military occupation, that they reassert through boycott the impossibility of democracy under colonialism #Kashmir— M Junaid (@mjunaidr) October 8, 2018
Protests and clashes
A curfew was in effect in parts of the city of Srinagar to prevent anti-India protests. Shops, businesses and most schools were closed as part of a strike called by pro-independence leaders.
Still, protests and clashes against Indian rule erupted at several places in Srinagar's outskirts and in northwestern Bandipora, where a woman was wounded by shotgun pellets fired by government forces, police and residents said.
India says the polls are a vital grassroots exercise to boost development and address civic issues.
Political pro-independence or pro-Pakistan leaders and armed rebel groups who challenge India's sovereignty over Kashmir have called for a boycott, saying the polls are an illegitimate exercise under military occupation.
Nearly 1.7 million residents are registered as voters for the urban polls. Village council elections will be held separately in November.
According to officials, 244 candidates have already been selected unopposed and there are no contestants for more than 170 out of a total of 1,145 council seats.
Boycott and conflict
Kashmir's main pro-India political parties such as the National Conference and Peoples Democratic Party are boycotting the polls, accusing New Delhi of fiddling with Kashmir's special status in the Indian Constitution.
Despite the boycott, unidentified gunmen fatally shot two activists of the National Conference and critically wounded another on Friday.
Some people withdrew from the elections after armed rebels threatened candidates and accused them of being "traitors and sellers of martyrs' blood."
Authorities deployed more than 40,000 additional soldiers to guard the voting.
Fake,Fudged,Farcical Elections ! https://t.co/eVp9Pwzbzb— Mirwaiz Umar Farooq (@MirwaizKashmir) October 9, 2018
Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan, and both countries claim it in its entirety.
Rebel groups demand that Kashmir, where New Delhi has deployed over 500,000 troops, be united either under Pakistani rule or as an independent country.
Anti-India sentiment runs deep in Kashmir's mostly Muslim population and most people support the rebels' cause against Indian rule.
Nearly 100,000 people have been killed in the uprising and the ensuing Indian military crackdown.