NATO General Secretary Jens Stoltenberg reiterated the alliance's support of Ukraine as a "highly valued partner", saying the Russian military buildup at the Ukrainian border "undermines stability in Europe".

"Since 2014, since the start of the war, I believe that basically Russia pushed Ukraine into NATO," Stoltenberg said. (Olivier Hoslet / AP Archive)

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has rejected Russian calls for Ukraine to be excluded from future membership in the alliance and denounced Moscow's "provocative" military build-up.

On Wednesday, Russia handed a list of security demands to US assistant secretary of state Karen Donfried, who then came to NATO headquarters in Brussels on Thursday to discuss them with Stoltenberg.

But the NATO chief on Thursday also met Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelensky, and gave a joint news conference to insist that any decision on membership was a matter for Kiev and the alliance's 30 member states.

"We will not compromise on the right of Ukraine to choose its own path. We will not compromise on the right for NATO to protect and defend all NATO allies," Stoltenberg said on Thursday.

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He said there would also be no compromising on NATO's partnership with Ukraine, describing it as important for both sides.

"Democracies of course have the right to work closely with a close partner such as Ukraine and our relation with Ukraine is defensive," he said. 

"It's not in any way a threat to Russia."

"The aggressor is Russia," Stoltenberg said. 

"It is Russia that is using military force against Ukraine, illegally annexing a part of Ukraine, Crimea, back in 2014, and continuing to destabilise eastern Ukraine."

Tensions on rise

On Wednesday, Zelensky attended a summit with EU leaders – most of whose countries are also NATO members – and said that most of them understood and supported Ukraine's position in the conflict.

But he is frustrated that European powers in particular have refused to take preventive action against Russia, preferring to threaten a response in the event of Russian action. 

"Since 2014, since the start of the war, I believe that basically Russia pushed Ukraine into NATO," he said.

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"Basically I believe that today Russia itself is paving the difficult path of Ukraine to NATO."

On Wednesday, Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told Donfried that NATO should halt its eastward expansion and withdraw a promise that Ukraine could become a candidate for membership.

Russia's President Vladimir Putin wants to talk directly to the United States over his standoff with Kiev, seeking security guarantees as an implicit condition to defusing the tension.

But NATO leaders point to what they say is Russia's massive troop mobilisation close to the Ukraine border. The US and EU have threatened "massive" economic sanctions in the event of an invasion.

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Source: TRTWorld and agencies