Justice Secretary Robert Buckland says public service funding cuts, including to the Crown Prosecution Service, are to blame for many rape victims not getting justice.
The British government has apologised for failing rape victims, acknowledging that swingeing cuts to the legal system in recent years contributed to plunging conviction rates.
"The first thing I need to say is sorry," said Justice Secretary Robert Buckland, as a review into the handling of rape allegations was published, calling for root-and-branch reform.
"It's not good enough. We've got to do a lot better," he told the BBC in an interview.
The long-awaited government review urges prosecuting authorities to focus more on the behaviour of the suspect rather than the accuser.
We are committed to improving rape victims’ criminal justice experience, prioritising their personal wellbeing and confidence in staying on board with a prosecution.— CPS (@CPSUK) June 18, 2021
Find out how we’re working to improve support for victims 👉 https://t.co/MM03PT56K0 pic.twitter.com/l2JkIWhVo9
According to the Crown Prosecution Service, which brings criminal cases in England and Wales, 1,439 suspects were convicted of rape or lesser offences in 2020 – the lowest levels since records began.
In 2019, there were 1,925 convictions, despite reports of adult rape to police having almost doubled since 2015-16, when there were 4,643 prosecutions.
Between 2015-16 and 2019-20, the number of reported rape cases that ended in a suspect being charged fell from 13 percent to three percent.
Some 128,000 people a year are victims of rape and attempted rape, but only 1.6 percent of reported cases results in a charge, the figures stated.
Buckland, Home Secretary Priti Patel and Attorney General Michael Ellis wrote in the report: "These are trends of which we are deeply ashamed.
"Victims of rape are being failed. Thousands of victims have gone without justice."
Buckland told the BBC that public service funding cuts, including to the CPS, were to blame, and promised the government was looking to make "the necessary investment".
It would also tackle a culture that campaigners argue focuses more on the alleged victim than the perpetrator.
Police officers join to take dangerous people off the streets and get victims the justice they deserve but, in the case of rape, that has not happened enough.— National Police Chiefs' Council (NPCC) (@PoliceChiefs) June 18, 2021
We are absolutely committed to doing better and are already implementing a plan with @CPSUK https://t.co/fPW0X28FXk pic.twitter.com/VrKk78RlWo
The review proposes increasing the number of cases referred by police to the CPS for consideration of prosecution, and charges to 2016 levels by 2024.
It recommends reducing the cross-examination of victims in court by conducting pre-recorded interviews and using only evidence about the complainant that is relevant to the case.
"Early and robust assessment of suspect behaviour and offending patterns" should also be implemented, it added.
The Victims' Commissioner for England and Wales, Vera Baird, called the government's apology a "milestone" that would force it to act.
But the former senior lawyer said the review overall was "underwhelming", did not go far enough, and would be of little comfort to those who have seen their complaints dropped.
In particular she called for changes to how police handle alleged victims' mobile phone data, given complaints investigators were routinely conducting "fishing expeditions", or searching victims' phone data for information on their behaviour.
The charity Rape Crisis England and Wales said the recommendations were "long overdue" to tackle a "genuine crisis", and called for the reforms to be implemented immediately.