The Norwegian Nobel Committee said it had awarded Nadia Murad and Denis Mukwege the prize for their respective efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war.
Denis Mukwege, a gynaecologist treating victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Nadia Murad, a Yazidi human rights activist and survivor of sexual slavery by Daesh in Iraq, won the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said it had awarded them the prize for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war.
"Both laureates have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on, and combating, such war crimes," it said in its citation.
TRT World's Sarah Morice reports.
Mukwege, a gynaecologist treating victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo, leads the Panzi Hospital in the DRC's eastern city of Bukavu.
Opened in 1999, the clinic receives thousands of women each year, many of them requiring surgery from sexual violence.
Murad is an advocate for the Yazidi minority in Iraq and for refugee and women's rights in general. She was enslaved and raped by Daesh militants in Mosul in 2014.
She was a witness who tells of the abuses perpetrated against herself and others, the citation said.
"Each of them in their own way has helped to give greater visibility to war-time sexual violence, so that the perpetrators can be held accountable for their actions," it said.
BREAKING NEWS:— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 5, 2018
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. #NobelPrize #NobelPeacePrize pic.twitter.com/LaICSbQXWM
"Rape and nothing else"
Murad was 21-years-old in 2014 when Daesh militants attacked the village where she had grown up in northern Iraq. The militants killed those who refused to convert to Islam, including six of her brothers and her mother.
Murad, along with many of the other young women in her village, was taken into captivity by the militants, and sold repeatedly for sex as part of Daesh's slave trade.
She eventually escaped captivity with the help of a family in Mosul, the terrorist group's de facto capital in Iraq, and became an advocate for the rights of her community around the world.
In 2017, Murad published a memoir of her ordeal, 'The Last Girl'. In it, she recounted in harrowing detail her months in captivity, her escape and her journey to activism.
"At some point, there was rape and nothing else. This becomes your normal day," she wrote.
The militants' attack on Yazidi communities in northern Iraq was part of what the United Nations has called a genocidal campaign launched by Daesh against the Yazidi.
Abuse of woman
The award of the prize follows a year in which the abuse and mistreatment of women in all walks of life across the globe has been a focus of attention.
Asked whether the #MeToo movement, a prominent women's rights activist forum, was an inspiration for this year's prize, Nobel Committee Chairwoman Berit Reiss-Andersen said: "MeToo and war crimes are not quite the same. But they have in common that they see the suffering of women, the abuse of women and that it is important that women leave the concept of shame behind and speak up."
The prize will be presented in the Norwegian capital Oslo on December10, the anniversary of the death of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, who founded the awards in his 1895 will.
The United Nations on Friday welcomed the announcement of the Nobel Peace Prize as "fantastic."