Although the parliamentary elections passed off largely peacefully, more than half of the nearly 24.5 million voters in Iraq did not show up at the ballot box, the highest abstention rate since the first multiparty elections in 2005.
Iraq began tallying votes on Saturday after its first election since defeating the Daesh group, with apathy rife for a poll some fear could stir a tug-of-war between the United States and Iran.
Turnout in the parliamentary election was 44.52 percent with 92 percent of the votes counted, the electoral commission said, which shows many of the roughly 24.5 million voters skipped the ballot, despite it passing off largely peacefully.
Iraqis faced a fragmented political landscape five months after the ouster of Daesh, with the dominant Shia split, the Kurds in disarray and Sunnis sidelined.
Security was tight given the lingering extremist threat. One policeman was killed and five wounded by mortar in eastern Iraq, a local official said, but there were no major incidents.
TRT World's Sara Firth has more on the story.
The poll comes with tensions surging between key powers Iran and the US after Washington pulled out of a landmark 2015 nuclear deal, sparking fears of a destabilising power struggle over Iraq.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo lauded the vote and called in a statement for an "inclusive government, responsive to the needs of all Iraqis."
Prime Minister Haider al Abadi - who took office as Daesh rampaged across Iraq in 2014 - is angling for a new term, claiming credit for defeating the extremists and seeing off a Kurdish push for independence.
But competition from within his Shia community, the majority group dominating Iraqi politics, will likely splinter the vote and spell lengthy horse-trading to form any government.
"Iraq is strong and unified after defeating terror," Abadi said after voting.
More than 15 blood-sodden years since the US-led ouster of Saddam Hussein, there is deep scepticism about a political system dominated by an elite seen as mired in corruption and sectarianism.
In Baghdad, TRT World's Ash Gallagher speaks about the low turnout in the election.
At a polling station in the Baghdad district of Karrada, 74-year-old voter Sami Wadi appealed for change "to save the country."
He called on Iraqis "to prevent those who have controlled the nation since 2003 from staying in power".
"Voting for security"
Many Iraqis - especially the country's disenfranchised youth - skipped the vote, complaining they saw few prospects that the poll would improve their lives.
While voting stations in the capital were sparsely attended, in some parts of the country there seemed greater interest in the election.
In former Daesh bastion Mosul - still partly in ruins from the months-long fight to oust the group - residents queued up to make their choice as they look to recover from extremist rule.
"I am voting for security and the economy to stabilise and for a better future," said labourer Ali Fahmi, 26.
Overall, just under 7,000 candidates are standing and Iraq's complex system means no single bloc is likely to get anything near a majority in the 329-seat parliament.
A new electronic voting system appeared to cause problems for many voters with some officials saying not enough had been done to raise public awareness.
Initial results are expected in three days.
Whoever emerges as premier will face the mammoth task of rebuilding a country left shattered by the battle against Daesh - with donors already pledging $30 billion (25 billion euros).
More than two million people remain internally displaced and Daesh - which has threatened the polls - is still able to launch deadly attacks.
Iraq has long been a crucible for the rivalry between Iran and the US, with Tehran exerting influence over Shia politicians and Washington deploying troops to fight Daesh.
Abadi - a consensus figure who has balanced the US and Iran - is facing two leading challengers to his Victory Alliance with closer ties to Tehran.
Ex-premier Nuri al Maliki is widely reviled for stirring sectarianism and losing territory to Daesh, but draws support from hardliners.
"I wish for all to go to the ballot boxes to make their choice," Maliki said after casting his ballot, alleging "attempts at falsification through the pressuring of voters."
Hadi al Ameri - a contender who led Iran-backed paramilitary units that fought Daesh alongside Baghdad's troops - called for "change" as he seeks to turn battlefield wins into political gains.
Votes in Sunni heartlands once dominated by Daesh - including Mosul - are up in the air as traditional alliances have been shredded by the fallout of extremist rule.
Political forces in the Kurdish community are also in disarray after a September vote for independence spectacularly backfired.
The Kurds look set to lose some of their clout on the national stage after Baghdad unleashed a battery of sanctions and seized back disputed oil-rich regions.
Nechirvan Barzani, the Prime Minister of autonomous Kurdish Regional Government, insisted the political process would not succeed "without Kurdish participation".
"No party can form the next government without alliances," he said after voting.