Following the news, many Saudis expressed joy on social media. Cinemas shut down during a wave of ultra-conservatism in 1980s.

Saudis watch composer Yanni perform at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on December 3, 2017.
Saudis watch composer Yanni perform at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on December 3, 2017. (Reuters)

Saudi Arabia announced on Monday it will allow cinemas to open in the conservative kingdom next year. Movies will be released on screen for the first time in more than 35 years in the latest social push by the country's young crown prince.

It's the latest stark reversal in a county where cinema were shut down in the 1980s during a wave of ultra-conservatism in the country. Many of Saudi Arabia's clerics view Western movies and even Arabic films made in Egypt and Lebanon as sinful.

Despite decades of ultraconservative dogma, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has sought to ram through a number of major social reforms with support from his father, King Salman.

The crown prince is behind measures such as lifting a ban on women driving next year and bringing back concerts and other forms of entertainment to satiate the desires of the country's majority young population. Some of these are seen as mere window dressing to the country's deeper issues of social injustices.

The 32-year-old heir to the throne's social push is part of his so-called Vision 2030, a blueprint for the country that aims to boost local spending and create jobs amid sustained lower oil prices.

According to Monday's announcement, a resolution was passed, paving the way for licenses to be granted to commercial cinemas, with the first ones expected to open in March 2018.

More Saudi romcom?

Many Saudis took to Twitter to express their joy at the news, posting images of buckets of popcorn and moving graphics of people dancing, fainting and crying.

"It's spectacular news. We are in a state of shock," Saudi actor and producer Hisham Fageeh said.

Fageeh starred in and co-produced the Saudi film Barakah Meets Barakah by director Mahmoud Sabbagh, which premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival in February. The movie, which has been called the kingdom's first romantic comedy, tells the story of a civil servant who falls for a Saudi girl whose Instagram posts have made her a local celebrity.

"We are essentially pioneers because we all took risks to work in this industry," he said. "We were super lucky because luck is always a factor of whether we make it or not."

Social issues on-screen

Even with the decades-long ban on cinemas, Saudi filmmakers and movie buffs were able to circumvent traditional censors by streaming movies online and watching films on satellite TV. Many also travel to neighbouring countries like Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates to watch films. 

Despite there being no movie theaters in Saudi Arabia, young Saudi filmmakers have received government support and recognition in recent years. The government has backed a Saudi film festival that's taken place for the past few years in the eastern city of Dhahran. This year, some 60 Saudi films were screened.

The film Wadjda made history in 2013 by becoming the first Academy Award entry for Saudi Arabia, though it wasn't nominated for the Oscars. 

The movie follows the story of a 10-year-old girl who dreams of having a bicycle, just like boys have in her ultraconservative neighbourhood where men and women are strictly segregated and where boys and girls attend separate schools.

The film was written and directed by Saudi female director Haifaa al Mansour, who shot the film entirely in the kingdom.

That film and Barakah meets Barakah, though four years apart, tackle the issue of gender segregation in Saudi Arabia, which remains largely enforced.

Regulations to be clarified 

It was not immediately clear if the cinemas would have family-only sections, segregating women and families from male-only audiences. Another unknown was whether most major Hollywood, Bollywood and Arabic movie releases would be shown in cinemas and how heavily edited the content will be.

The Ministry of Culture and Information said there are no additional details available at this time.The government said it will announce regulations in the coming weeks.

Fageeh said that while he's concerned with the censorship rules that might be in place, he's also concerned that scenes of violence are typically permitted on screens across the Arab world, but "any kind of intimacy and love is considered taboo and a moral violation."

"It's a global conversation we need to have," he said.

The Saudi government says the opening of cinemas will contribute more than $24 billion (90 billion riyals) to the economy and create more than 30,000 jobs by 2030. The kingdom says there will be 300 cinemas with around 2,000 screens built in the country by 2030.

Source: AP