The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says 3,331 civilians were killed in US-led air strikes since they began four years ago. The Washington-led alliance puts the toll at just over 1,000 civilians in both Syria and neighbouring Iraq.

In this Thursday, October 19, 2017 file photo, a frame grab made from drone video shows damaged buildings in Raqqa, Syria. Amnesty International has urged the US-led coalition to investigate air strikes that killed civilians in the campaign to liberate the Syrian city from Daesh.
In this Thursday, October 19, 2017 file photo, a frame grab made from drone video shows damaged buildings in Raqqa, Syria. Amnesty International has urged the US-led coalition to investigate air strikes that killed civilians in the campaign to liberate the Syrian city from Daesh. (AP Archive)

More than 3,000 civilians have been killed in US-led coalition air strikes against Daesh in Syria since they began four years ago, a monitor said on Sunday.

The Washington-led alliance puts the toll at just over 1,000 civilians in both Syria and neighbouring Iraq. The US-led coalition says it does all it can to prevent civilian deaths.

The coalition began bombing Daesh targets in Iraq in August 2014 after the terror group seized swathes of territory straddling the two countries, proclaiming an Islamic "caliphate".

The coalition extended its strikes to Syria on September 23, 2014.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitoring group, said on Sunday those Syria strikes had since killed 3,331 civilians.

The monitor relies on a network of sources inside Syria and tracks flight patterns, aircraft involved and ammunition used to determine who carries out raids.

"Among those killed are 826 children and 615 women," said Observatory chief Rami Abdel Rahman.

In this April 5, 2018 file photo, rubble of buildings line a street that was damaged during fighting between US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces and Daesh in Raqqa, Syria. Amnesty said in August that the US-coalition’s admission last month that it killed 78 more civilians than previously reported in the 2017 assault on Raqqa was just the “tip of the iceberg.”
In this April 5, 2018 file photo, rubble of buildings line a street that was damaged during fighting between US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces and Daesh in Raqqa, Syria. Amnesty said in August that the US-coalition’s admission last month that it killed 78 more civilians than previously reported in the 2017 assault on Raqqa was just the “tip of the iceberg.” (AP)

Coalition estimates

The coalition says it takes every possible precaution to prevent civilian deaths.

In its latest civilian casualty report published last month, the coalition said its strikes had unintentionally killed 1,061 civilians in both Iraq and Syria up until July 30, 2018. It is still assessing a further 216 reports of civilian casualties, some of them in strikes dating back to 2014.

Asked if the coalition could specify how many of the confirmed casualties were in Syria, spokesman Sean Ryan said it "does not breakdown strikes by type, platform, munition, region or nation."

"As far any discrepancy in numbers, the coalition is basing the findings on facts and evidence. We are not claiming to provide exact numbers, but saying it is based on the best available evidence," he told AFP.

Ryan said the coalition remained willing to work with anyone to investigate allegations and asked other monitors to share what metrics they were using to determine casualties.

Rights groups have criticised the coalition for not pursuing investigations of civilian casualties rigorously enough.

In June, Amnesty International said the coalition's bombing raids of Daesh's de facto Syrian capital Raqa last year may amount to "potential war crimes".

"The artificially low number of civilian casualties the coalition acknowledges stems in part from poor investigation procedures that fail even to involve on-the-ground research," Amnesty said at the time.

The coalition's operations have largely wound down, with the militants ousted from all but tiny bits of territory in Syria.

More than 360,000 people have been killed across Syria since the conflict broke out in 2011, nearly a third of them civilians, according to the Observatory.

Source: AFP